Kim Mun language

Kim Mun
Native to China
Region Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County
Native speakers
ca. 400,000 (1995–1999)[1]
Official status
Official language in
China (in Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mji
Glottolog kimm1245[2]

Kim Mun language (金门方言) is a Hmong–Mien language spoken by 200,000 of the Yao people in the provinces of Guangxi, Hunan and Hainan, as well as 170,000 in some areas of northern Vietnam. (figures as per Ethnologue, 18th Edition)

Iu Mien and Kim Mun are very similar to each other, having a lexical similarity percentage of 78%.


In China, Kim Mun is spoken in the following counties (Mao 2004:304-305).[3]

The Ethnologue lists several counties in Vietnam where Kim Mun is spoken. The Van Ban district of Lao Cai province is perhaps the primary area.


  1. Kim Mun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kim Mun". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. 毛宗武, 李云兵 / Mao Zongwu, Li Yunbing. 1997. 巴哼语研究 / Baheng yu yan jiu (A Study of Baheng [Pa-Hng]). Shanghai: 上海远东出版社 / Shanghai yuan dong chu ban she.


  • Phạm Văn Duy. 2014. Văn hóa dân gian Kinh Môn. Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản văn hóa thông tin. ISBN 978-604-50-1486-8
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