Adjaran open khachapuri
Type Pie
Course appetizer/street food
Place of origin Georgia
Region or state Caucasus
Serving temperature hot
Main ingredients Cheese, eggs, bread
Variations open, closed
Cookbook: Khachapuri  Media: Khachapuri

Khachapuri (Georgian: ხაჭაპური [xɑtʃʼɑpʼuri] from ხაჭო xach'o "curds" + პური p'uri "bread") is a traditional Georgian dish of cheese-filled bread. The bread is leavened and allowed to rise, and is shaped in various ways, usually with cheese in the middle and a crust which is ripped off and used to dip in the cheese. The filling contains cheese (fresh or aged, most commonly sulguni), eggs and other ingredients.[1] It is Georgia's national dish.

According to a 2009 survey, 88% of Georgians prefer khachapuri to pizza. It is more popular among men and older people.[2] As a Georgian staple food, the price of making khachapuri is used as a measure of inflation in different Georgian cities by the Khachapuri index, developed by the International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University.[3][4]


There are several distinctive types of khachapuri in Georgian food from different regions of Georgia:

Outside of Georgia

Khachapuri restaurant in Kraków.

Khachapuri is popular in the post-Soviet states, including in Russia.[5][6] It was reported that 175,000 khachapuris were consumed during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.[7] Khachapuri is a popular street food in Armenia, where it is widely served at restaurants and school cafeterias.[8] It has become increasingly popular as a brunch food in Israel.[9]

See also


  1. Goldstein, Darra. The Georgian feast: the vibrant culture and savory food of the Republic of Georgia. 1999: University of California Press. pp. 136139. ISBN 0-520-21929-5.
  2. Kakabadze, David (5 January 2009). "Georgians Still Prefer Khachapuri To Pizza". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. At the same time, 97 percent of khachapuri lovers are older than 40, while 28 percent of young people prefer pizza. Pizza appears to be more popular among women than among men.
  3. Svensson, Therese (April–May 2010). "Tracking monetary policy one big mac - and one khachapuri - at a time". American Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  4. "Khachapuri Index Project". International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  5. Mosolova, Tanya (15 April 1998). "WHAT IS IT? : Georgian Cheese Pies Come in Many Varieties". The Moscow Times. One of the indispensable dishes of a celebratory meal in Georgia, khachapuri, has become very popular in Russia as well.
  6. Bryant, Jordan (2 March 2013). "Хачапури: The Big Cheese!". Woodside, CA: School of Russian and Asian Studies. Archived from the original on 18 November 2014.
  7. В Сочи гости Олимпиады съели 175 тысяч хачапури и 34 тонны шашлыка. Argumenty i Fakty (in Russian). 24 February 2014.
  8. Grigoryan, Hasmik (7 August 2011). Ի՞նչ է մատուցվում այսօր դպրոցների բուֆետներում (in Armenian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Armenian Service. ....վաճառվում են հիմնականում բուլկեղեն, խաչապուրի, կարկանդակ, հոթ դոգ ու նույնիսկ մաստակ ու չիպսեր:
  9. Norris, Anna (3 July 2014). "10 mouthwatering dishes of Israel you should really try". From The Grapevine.
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