Kebara Cave

Kebara Cave

Neanderthal Burial of Kebara
Map showing the location of Kebara Cave
Location Zikhron Ya'akov, Israel
Coordinates 32°33′29.8″N 34°56′14.3″E / 32.558278°N 34.937306°E / 32.558278; 34.937306Coordinates: 32°33′29.8″N 34°56′14.3″E / 32.558278°N 34.937306°E / 32.558278; 34.937306
Elevation 60 metres (200 ft) above sea level
Discovery Early 1930s
Geology Limestone

Kebara Cave (Hebrew: מערת כבארה Me'arat Kebbara, Arabic: مغارة الكبارة Mugharat al-Kabara) is an Israeli limestone cave locality of the Wadi Kebara, situated at 60 – 65 metres ASL on the western escarpment of the Carmel Range, in the Ramat Hanadiv preserve of Zichron Yaakov.[1] The cave was inhabited between 60,000 - 48,000 BP and is famous for its excavated finds of hominid remains, made under the direction of Professor Ofer Bar-Yosef.

Dorothy Garrod and Francis Turville-Petre excavated in the cave in the early 1930s, but by far the most significant discovery made at Kebara Cave was that in 1982 of the most complete Neanderthal skeleton found to date. Nicknamed "Moshe" and dating to circa 60,000 BP, the skeleton preserved a large part of one individual's torso (vertebral column, ribs and pelvis). The cranium and most of the lower limbs were missing. The hyoid bone was also preserved, and was the first Neanderthal hyoid bone found.[2]

The Kebaran culture is named after the site.

See also

Further reading

Selected bibliography, in order of publication:


  1. map
  2. Mithen, S.(2006). The Singing Neanderthals: The origins of music, language, mind, and body. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

External links

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