Kathmandu District

काठमाडौं जिल्ला

Location of Kathmandu District in Bagmati Zone
Country Nepal
Region Central
Zone Bagmati
Headquarters Kathmandu
  Total 395 km2 (153 sq mi)
Population (2011)
  Total 1,744,240
  Density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main language(s)
Website Official website

Kathmandu District (Nepali: काठमाडौं जिल्ला Listen ; Nepal Bhasa: येँ जिल्ला) is a district located in Kathmandu Valley, Province No. 3 of Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia. It is one of the 75 districts of Nepal, covers an area of 395 km2 (153 sq mi), and is the most densely populated district of Nepal with 1,081,845 inhabitants in 2001 and 1,744,240 in 2011.[1] The district's headquarters is Kathmandu Metropolitan City, also the capital of Nepal.


Kathmandu district is one of the three districts located in Kathmandu Valley, which itself is located in the hills of Bagmati Zone, Central Development Region, Nepal. The district is located from 27°27E to 27°49E longitude and 85°10N to 85°32N latitude.[2]

The district is surrounded by:

The altitude of the district ranges from 1,262 m (4,140 ft) to 2,732 m (8,963 ft) above sea level.[2]

Geography and Climate

Climate Zone[3] Elevation Range % of Area
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.

In the urban center, the temperature fluctuates between 32 °C in summer (June–July) to -2 °C in winter (December–January).[2] The annual rainfall of the district is 176.4 ml.[2]


Kathmandu district is a part of Kathmandu valley, which is a melting pot of various cultural groups, ethnicities, races, languages and religions. This vibrant culture is illustrated in the culture of the natives of the district, known as Newars, who are a multiethnic, multiracial, multireligious people bound by a Sanskritized Sino-Tibetan language of Kirat origins known as Nepal Bhasa. All the ancient settlements of the district have specific street festivals (jatras) arranged according to specific dates of the Nepal Sambat calendar. The main festivals celebrated are:

Along with these festivals, with the influx of population from other parts of Nepal, India, Tibet and South Asia, other festivals such as Teej, Chhath, Sakela, Lhosar, Janai Purnima, Deuda etc. are also celebrated.


Most of the offices and industry of Nepal are in Kathmandu. The major economic hubs are New Road, Durbar Marg, Putalisadak, Asan. The district exports handicrafts, artworks, garments, pashmina, paper etc. Tourism is one of the main industries of the district. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit various religious places located in the district such as Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Buddhanilkantha etc. Freak Street and Thamel are noted tourist destinations for Western tourists.


Kathmandu district is the pioneer district in education in many aspects in Nepal. Durbar High School (the first school of Nepal), Trichandra College (the first college of Nepal), Padma Kanya College (the first women's college) are all located in Kathmandu city. Tribhuwan University, the first university of Nepal, is located in Kirtipur municipality of Kathmandu district. Besides these, thousands of educational institutions are located in the district which cater students from Nepal, India, Bangladesh etc.


Municipalities in Kathmandu District (the neighbouring districts in this map have not been updated)

The district consists of 11 Municipalities.[4] These are as follows:


The total population of the district is 1,744,240 out of which 913,001 are male and 831,239 female in 436,355 households. Average family size was 4.6 in 2001 and 4.0 in 2011 [5]


See also


  1. "National Population and Housing Census 2011 – General and Social Characteristics Table" (PDF). Government of Nepal Central Bureau of Statistics. February 2014. pp. 9(1),10(2). Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Brief Introduction" (in Nepali). DDC Kathmandu. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  3. The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  4. "New Municipality". LGCDP.
  5. DDC Kathmandu statistical report

Coordinates: 27°42′N 85°18′E / 27.7°N 85.3°E / 27.7; 85.3

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