Karl von Moll

Karl Maria E(h)renbert Freiherr von Moll (21 December 1760, in Thalgau 1 February 1838, in Augsburg) was an Austrian naturalist and statesman.

From 1790 to 1804 he served as chancellor of the exchequer for Salzburg, afterwards residing in Munich and Augsburg, where he devoted his energies to natural history. In 1807 he became a member of the Academie der Wissenschaften in Munich, where up until 1827, he served as secretary in the class of mathematics and physics.[1]

During his career he amassed a library of 80,000 books, including many rare volumes on natural history. He also owned a diverse collection of zoological specimens, a significant herbarium in which Alpine flora was well represented, and an impressive mineral collection, of which, a portion was bought by the British Museum.[1][2]

The moss genus Mollia (Schrank ex Lindb, 1878) from the family Pottiaceae is named after him.[3][4]

Memorial plaque of Karl von Moll on Universitätsplatz, Salzburg



  1. 1 2 The Mineralogical Record - Library biography
  2. Wikisource Biographical Dictionary of the Empire of Austria
  3. BHL Taxonomic literature : a selective guide to botanical publications
  4. Tropicos Mollia Schrank ex Lindb.
  5. IPNI.  K.Moll.
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