Karl Elze

Karl Friedrich Elze
Born (1821-05-22)May 22, 1821
Died January 21, 1889(1889-01-21) (aged 67)
Education Leipzig University PhD.
Occupation Shakespeare scholar
Religion Evangelical
Parent(s) Karl August Wilhelm Elze

Karl Friedrich Elze (May 22, 1821, Dessau - January 21, 1889, Halle) was a German scholar and Shakespearian critic.


He was the son of Pastor Karl August Wilhelm Elze.[1] He studied (1839–1843) classical philology, and modern, but especially English, literature at the University of Leipzig where he obtained his PhD.[1] He was a master for a time in the gymnasium (preparatory school) at Dessau, and in 1875 was appointed extraordinary, and in 1876 ordinary, professor of English philology at the University of Halle.[2] The course catalogue for the winter 1875/76 has a four-hour lecture on the history of English literature one hour each day on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays. On Wednesdays and Saturdays he publicly lectured on Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice.[3]

Elze began his literary career with the Englischer Liederschatz (1851), an anthology of English lyrics, edited for a while a critical periodical Atlantis, and in 1857 published an edition of Shakespeare's Hamlet with critical notes. He also edited Chapman's Alphonsus (1867) and wrote biographies of Walter Scott, Byron and Shakespeare; Abhandlungen zu Shakespeare (English translation by D Schmitz, as Essays on Shakespeare, London, 1874),[4] and the treatise, Notes on Elizabethan Dramatists with conjectural emendations of the text (3 vols, Halle, 1880–1886, new ed. 1889).[2]

He was politically active as a member of the Dessau-ischen for many years and presented a programmatic script to the Constitution of the Duchy of 1848 and promoted the idea that "Freedom of religion should be granted without Government controls".[1]


  1. 1 2 3 Karl Elze (German-English) Catalogus Professorum Halensis
  2. 1 2 Chisholm 1911.
  3. History of the Institute of English studies at the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg by Dietmar Schneider and Dorothea Sommer (August 8, 2013)
  4. Karl Elze (1874), Essays on Shakespeare (PCMI collection), translated by L. Dora Schmitz, Macmillan and Company

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Elze, Karl". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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