Kangri dialect

Native to India
Region Kangra Valley
Native speakers
1.7 million (1996)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Official status
Official language in
No official status
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xnr
Glottolog kang1280[3]
The Kangri dialect, in yellow.

Kangri is a dialect spoken in northern India, predominantly in the Kangra, Hamirpur, and Una districts of Himachal Pradesh and in the Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur districts in the Punjab state. It is associated with the people of the Kangra Valley. It is an Indo-Aryan dialect, related to Dogri and today classified as one of the Western Pahari (पहाड़ी) group of languages, with some influence in vocabulary Standard Punjabi (Majhi),[4] which is spoken to the west in the state of Punjab. Kangri, along with Dogri, has been classified as a dialect of Punjabi by linguists but since the 1960s, both have been recognised as dialects of a separate language group called Pahari.

Kangri was regarded as one of the many varieties of Punjabi until the 1971 Census of India when it was reclassified as a Hindi dialect.[5]


  1. Kangri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. "Census of India: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues –2001".
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kangri". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. "Online Punjabi Teaching".
  5. "Social Mobilisation And Modern Society".

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