Location of Kakegawa in Shizuoka Prefecture
|Coordinates: 34°46′7.3″N 137°59′54.3″E / 34.768694°N 137.998417°ECoordinates: 34°46′7.3″N 137°59′54.3″E / 34.768694°N 137.998417°E|
|• – Mayor||Saburo Matsui (since April 2009)|
|• Total||265.69 km2 (102.58 sq mi)|
|Population (September 2015)|
|• Density||429/km2 (1,110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|• Tree||Sweet osmanthus|
|• Flower||Chinese bellflower|
|• Bird||Japanese bush-warbler|
|Address||1-1-1, Nagaya, Kakegawa-shi, Shizuoka-ken 436-8650|
Kakegawa is in the coastal plains of southwest Shizuoka Prefecture. It is bordered to the south by the Pacific Ocean.
Like most of Japan, Kakegawa's population is almost exclusively Japanese. However, Kakegawa has a noticeable Nikkei (particularly, South American) population and it is more common to find signs written in Portuguese than in English.
The Kakegawa area has been regional commercial center within Tōtōmi Province since at least the Kamakura period, but developed as a castle town under the Imagawa clan, whose headquarters was in neighboring Suruga Province. Kakegawa Castle was built by Asahina Yasuhiro, a retainer of Imagawa Yoshitada, in the Bunmei era (1469–1487). The castle later fell into the hands of the Tokugawa clan, but was then to Toyotomi clan retainer Yamauchi Kazutoyo in 1580. After the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Kakegawa Domain was created, and ruled by numerous fudai daimyō. The area prospered during the Edo period, as the Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto passed through Kakegawa, whose post stations included Nissaka-shuku and Kakegawa-juku. Neighboring Yokosuka Domain, a smaller fudai holding, was also located within what are now the city limits of Kakegawa.
After the Meiji Restoration, Kakegawa was made part of the short-lived Hamamatsu Prefecture in 1871, which merged with Shizuoka Prefecture in 1876. Kakegawa Town was created in the cadastral reform of April, 1891, four years after the opening of Kakegawa Station on what later became the Tōkaidō Main Line railway. The town expanded steadily over the years, annexing neighboring villages and towns in Ogasa District, and was elevated in status of that of a city in 1954.
Kakegawa has a mixed economy. It serves as a regional commercial center for west-central Shizuoka Prefecture. In the agricultural sector, production and processing of green tea predominates. The city is surrounded by green tea fields and is known for its high quality tea. Other crops include cantelope, tomatoes, strawberries and roses. In terms of industrial production, Kakegawa has several light industry industrial complexes. Major products include telecommunications equipment and electronics, cosmetics, automotive components and musical instruments.
- Tokyo Women's Medical University - Kakegawa campus
- Kakegawa has 23 elementary schools, nine middle schools and four high schools, as well as two special education schools. It formerly hosted a Brazilian school, a primary school called Centro Educacional Sorriso de Criança.
- JR Central – Tōkaidō Shinkansen
- JR Central – Tōkaidō Main Line
- Tenryū Hamanako Railroad Tenryū Hamanako Line
Only a few hundred meters from Kakegawa Station is the reconstructedKakegawa Castle, which was opened in April 1994. Another local attraction is the Kakegawa Kacho-en, which hosts a large variety of bird and plant species in a greenhouse-enclosed private garden, open to the public. Both the ocean and mountains are contained within Kakegawa's city limits.
Sister city relations
- - Ōshū, Iwate, Japan from August 16, 1985
- - Corning, New York, United States
- - Eugene, Oregon, United States, from April 1979
- - Hoengseong County, Gangwon Province, South Korea since November 25, 2001
Notable people from Kakegawa
- Yoshinobu Ishikawa - politician
- Ichiki Kitokuro - politician
- Yoshioka Yayoi - physician, educator
- Satoru Mizushima - filmmaker
- Shunpei Uto - Olympic swimmer
- Kenya Matsui – professional soccer player
- Hajime Moriyasu – professional soccer player
- "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kakegawa.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kakegawa, Shizuoka.|
- Official website (Japanese)