Los Angeles, California,|
The Kabbalah Centre International is a non-profit organization located in Los Angeles, California that provides courses on the Zohar and Kabbalistic teachings online as well as through its regional and city-based centers and study groups worldwide. The presentation of Kabbalah was developed by its director, Philip Berg, along with his wife, Karen Berg. The Kabbalah Centre International has a multi-ethnic, international staff of teachers that offers kabbalistic study and guidance to its worldwide student community.
Traditionally, Rabbis believed that the mysteries of Kabbalah were so complex and so easily misunderstood that it could only be taught to devout students (mostly males) only after age 40. Therefore, some traditionalists had seen the Kabbalah Centre as a perversion of Judaism's ancient and secretive mystic tradition.
The Kabbalah Centre was founded in the United States in 1965 as The National Research Institute of Kabbalah by Rav Philip Berg (born Feivel Gruberger) and Rav Yehuda Tzvi Brandwein. Brandwein in turn was the dean of Yeshivah Kol Yehuda in Israel (a precursor of the US Kabbalah Centres) which was founded in 1922. After Brandwein's death, and after several years in Israel, Philip Berg and his wife Karen Berg, re-established the U.S. Kabbalah Centre in New York City.
The Kabbalah Centre in Los Angeles was opened in 1984. After the death of Rav Berg, Karen and Michael act as directors and spiritual teachers of the organization. The organization is a registered non-profit with over fifty branches worldwide, including major ones in Los Angeles, New York City, London and Toronto.
The Kabbalah Centre's approach to teaching is to start students with teachings of Kabbalah that do not make previous knowledge of Hebrew and Jewish texts a prerequisite for understanding.
Relation to religion
According to its views, all widely held spiritual or religious belief systems are merely specific branches of a universal wisdom. The effect of this is a resemblance of religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam and Buddhism, as well as new-age teachings, to Kabbalah. In accordance with this belief, the Kabbalah Centre does not present itself as an alternative to any religion in particular, but rather, as a supplement to it.
Some biblical passages, such as the Passage of the Red Sea, are understood to be codes to life and unseen universal laws which the Zohar and writings of the Kabbalists throughout history unravel. According to Rav Berg "The Zohar reveals the dynamic interplay and interconnectedness of our universe and man's relationship to it." The Kabbalah Centre has produced a series of the Books of the Bible with Kabbalistic commentaries to each of the Weekly portion of the Torah.
The five senses provide access to a mere 1% of reality, which is the byproduct of a 99% reality that cannot be accessed by the senses.
Kabbalah Centre teaches the Kabbalistic concept of Klippot. The idea is that everyone has a direct and clear connection to the upper metaphysical-spiritual world of the Light (Ein Sof, unbounded God), but that this channel is blocked by Klippot, restricting the spiritual energy from entering the physical body. It is through study and practice of Kabbalah teachings and Jewish law (which the Kabbalah Centre says is early Rabbinistic construction to aid in practicing Kabbalah without revealing its secrets) that one removes Klippot, and it is by violence and negative behavior that one adds Klippot.
The Kabbalah Centre has a strong belief in astrology and asserts that astrology has always been part of Judaism. Astrology was studied by Jewish scholars throughout the Middle Ages, though it was opposed by more philosophically inclined thinkers such as Maimonides.
There is a strong belief in the Kabbalah tradition that cosmic forces affect everything, and knowing how to understand them can prove to be valuable to the aspiring Kabbalist. Rav Berg, the founder of the Kabbalah Centre, wrote numerous books on astrology during his career.
In a book written by Yehuda Berg, a former teacher at the center, he recommended that men not masturbate as semen generated without loving, shared intention does not serve its purpose. He also wrote that a man should not orgasm before the woman, as it injects selfishness into the act of love making. Other thoughts on sex include that a man should not orgasm with the woman positioned above him, as she is then drawing energies into herself from below, instead of above. The most Light is derived from sex that occurs just after midnight on Saturday morning.
Madonna studies regularly with a personal Kabbalah Centre rabbi, no longer gives concerts on Friday night (which is the onset of Shabbat), wears the red string around her left wrist for protection and to ward off the "evil eye" (Ayin Hara), has introduced Jewish ritual objects such as tefillin ("phylacteries") into her videos and tithes regularly to the Kabbalah Centre. In July 2006, it was reported that Madonna was leaving the Kabbalah Centre and one media columnist speculated that one reason was alleged financial irregularities of donations to the centre. Despite uncorroborated allegations of financial irregularities, the rumour turned out to be false, and Madonna continued to attend Kabbalah Centre events. In August 2006, Madonna collaborated with the Kabbalah Centre on a project called Raising Malawi, which provided relief aid to the African nation of Malawi. In March 2016, Madonna and her son Rocco attended a Kabbalah Centre prayer session as she attempted to fix her relationship with him.
Other celebrities that have been associated with the Centre include Britney Spears, Roseanne Barr, Sandra Bernhard, Anthony Kiedis, Ashton Kutcher, Demi Moore, Mick Jagger, Jerry Hall, Lucy Liu, Alex Rodriguez, Rosie O'Donnell, Naomi Campbell, Donna Karan, Elizabeth Taylor, Mischa Barton, Paris Hilton, Ariana Grande Nicole Richie, James Van Der Beek, Kyle Richards, Heather McComb and Lindsay Lohan.
Controversy and criticism
Beginning in 2011 the Kabbalah Centre was put under investigation by the IRS and FBI for financial malfeasance, especially following the abandonment of the Raising Malawi school project with millions of donors' dollars unaccounted for. Such investigations commonly take up to three years. In 2012, it emerged that the Kabbalah Centre had accepted a $600,000 donation from an 87-year-old woman with dementia whose financial advisor is married to a center official. In November 2013, two lawsuits were filed by former donors alleging that their gifts (amounting to more than $1 million for a new building in San Diego and for a children's charity) were misused.
Other media criticisms have alleged that The Kabbalah Centre is an "opportunistic offshoot of the faith, with charismatic leaders who try to attract the rich and the vulnerable with the promise of health, wealth, and happiness." Some Jewish organizations distinguish it as non-Jewish and consider its patronage by Jews problematic. The Centre's sale of Kabbalah-themed merchandise has been criticized as a perversion of Judaism's ancient and secretive mystic tradition.
There was media controversy in 2005 related to a recorded comment by a Kabbalah Centre leader regarding the Holocaust. According to a BBC news article, Eliyahu Yardeni, a senior figure in the London Kabbalah Centre has been quoted as saying, "Just to tell you another thing about the six million Jews that were killed in the Holocaust: the question was that the Light was blocked. They didn't use Kabbalah." The Kabbalah Centre also made claims that spring water sold by the group had among its effects a curative effect on cancer. Reportedly, 10 cases of Kabbalah water were sold to cancer sufferers for £400.
In November 2015 the centre was ordered to pay $42,500 damages to one of its former students after it was found to have been negligent in the supervision of one of its co-directors, Yehuda Berg, who had caused emotional distress to the student.
Asia and the Middle East
- worldwide "Internal Revenue Service details.". United States Department of Treasury. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- What's Behind Hollywood's Fascination with Kabbalah?. ABC News. June 17, 2005. Retrieved 2006-10-31.
- "FAQ". The Kabbalah Centre. Retrieved 2006-10-31.
- Matti Friedman (July 31, 2009). "Madonna shares spiritual awakening in Israel paper". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- Myers, Jody Elizabeth (2007). Kabbalah and the spiritual quest: the Kabbalah Centre in America. Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-98940-8.
- Eshman, Rob (December 6, 2007). "Maybe It's Not So Weird, After All". Jewish Journal. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- Berg, Philip (October 22, 2014). "Prayer". The Kabbalah Centre. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- Kabbalistic Bible - Yehuda Berg, Research Centre of Kabbalah, 2008, ISBN 978-1571896063
- The Kabbalah Centre and Contemporary Spirituality Wiley InterScience Journal
- Michaelson, Jay (September 03, 2004) "What the Kabbalah Centre Actually Teaches" The Jewish Daily Forward
- Yehuda, Berg (September 18, 2006). The Kabbalah Book of Sex: And Other Mysteries of the Universe. Kabbalah Publishing. ISBN 1-57189-544-2.
- Merkin, Daphne (April 13, 2008). "In Search of the Skeptical, Hopeful, Mystical Jew That Could Be Me". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- Fox, Margalit (September 20, 2013). "Rabbi Philip Berg, Who Updated Jewish Mysticism, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- "Madonna Gives Her Money Away". Fox News. 2006-07-12.
- Barnes, Anthony (July 9, 2006). "Kabbalah: is Madonna losing her religion?". The Independent. London. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
- Luscombe, Belinda (2006-08-06). "Madonna Finds A Cause". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- Brankin, Emma (April 16, 2006). "Madonna and Rocco Bond in Mystical Jewish Kabbalah Prayer Session". The Sun. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- Camilli, Doug. (November 29, 2003) "Paris Hilton dabbles in mysticism", Montreal Gazette
- "Kabbalah center founder who attracted celebrity devotees including Madonna and Demi Moore dies aged 86". Daily Mail. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Lilit Marcus, Judaism, According to Reality TV, The Jewish Daily Forward, November 19, 2012
- Turner, Devarrick (November 17, 2015). "15 Celebrities You Forgot Practiced Kabbalah". Rant Hollywood. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- Walls, Jeannette (June 21, 2006). "Kabbalah ends Madonna-Britney Friendship". Today Entertainment. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- Barrett, Wayne, "Madonna's Malawi Disaster"m Newsweek, The Daily Beast, April 3, 2011.
- Rick Cohen,"Kabbalah Center Accepted $600,000 Donation From Woman With Dementia", Nonprofit Quarterly, April 11, 2012.
- Kim Christensen, "Kabbalah Centre accused of misusing more than $1 million in donations", Los Angeles Times, December 3, 2013.
- Sweeney, John (January 9, 2005). "Kabbalah leader's Holocaust slur". BBC News. Retrieved 2006-10-31.
- "Madonna due to join Israel trip". BBC News. 2004-09-09. Retrieved 2006-10-31.
- Aron, Hillel (25 November 2015). "KABBALAH CENTRE AND ITS FORMER RABBI TO THE STARS TO PAY $177,500 IN SEXUAL BATTERY SUIT". LA Weekly. Retrieved 28 November 2015.