Købmagergade is a pedestrian shopping street in the Old Town of Copenhagen, Denmark. It connects Amagertorv on Strøget to Nørreport station, although the last section, north of Kultorvet, is part of Frederiksborggade which continues on the other side of the railway station.
The history of the street dates back to about 1200 when it was part of the main route between Roskilde and the small settlement Havn, which was a hub for crossings to Amager and Scania. Between 1380 and 1463, documents refer to the street as Bjørnebrogade. It later became known as Kiødmangergade after the butchers who had their stalls along the street. Kjødmanger ("meatmonger") is an old Danish word for butcher. The meat market later moved to Skindergade but the name stuck with to the street, although it later changed to Kjøbmagergade and then Købmagergade. The form Kjødmagergade is first known from 1595 although the old form Kjødmagergade is still seen in documents from 1656.
The Royal Porcelain Manufactury was founded in the street in 1775. The company left the street after being taken over by Aluminia, joining the new owners at their site in Frederiksberg (now Porcelænshaven) in 1884.
Notable buildings and residents
Buildings in the street include the Round Tower, Regensen and the Møinichen Mansion, now Købmagergade Post Office with the Post & Tele Museum. No. 42 is the formerVarehuset Messen department store which opened in 1895. The building was designed by Emil Blichfeldt and is topped by a Hermes statue by Julius Schultz. It is now used by Niels Brock Copenhagen Business College whose main building is on Kultorvet.
Next to the Round Tower stands a monument to the two 18th-century poets Peter Herman Wessel and Johannes Ewald. The monument was designed by Otto Evens and installed in 1879. It features reliefs in bronze of the two poets.
The Illum Department Store is located on the corner of Købmagergade and Strøget. The Arnold Busch chain of book stores has a two storey flagship store at the Round Tower. International brands and chains with flagship stores in the street include Esprit, Abercrombie & Fitch, Vans and Diesel.
- No 22. 22. Købmagerhus from 1898
- No. 42: Varehuset Messen
- "Købmagergade" (in Danish). Selskabet for Københavns Historie. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- "Nørregade" (in Danish). indenforvoldene.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- "Erhvervsdrivende, deres ansatte og andre personligheder." (in Danish). coneliand.dk. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Gehl, Jan; Gemzøe, Lars (1996). Public Spaces, Public Life, Copenhagen. The Danish Architectural Press and the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. p. 14. ISBN 877 407 305 2.
- "Købmagergade 42/Klareboderne 1" (in Danish). indenforvoldene.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- "Monument to the Poets Peter Herman Wessel and Johannes Ewald". Copenhagen Municipality. Retrieved 2014-01-13.
- "Amerikansk kæde er åbnet på Købmagergade" (in Danish). Berlingske. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
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