Coat of arms
Coordinates: 27°0′N 49°40′E / 27.000°N 49.667°E / 27.000; 49.667
Country  Saudi Arabia
Province Eastern Province
  Type Monarchy
  Provincial Governor Saud bin Nayef
Population (2011)
  Total 378,949
33% Saudis
27% Indians
14% Filipinos
11% Pakistanis
11% Bangladeshis
2% Americans
1% Europeans
2.5% Other countries
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Website www.jubailcity.com

Jubail (Arabic: الجبيل, Al Jubayl) is a city in the Eastern province on the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia. It is the host of the largest industrial city in the Middle East. It is also home to the Middle East's largest and world's fourth largest petrochemical company. It has the world's largest IWPP (Independent Water and Power Project) producing 2743.6 MW of electricity and 800,000 m3 of water daily. Jubail comprises the Old Town of Al Jubail (Jubail Balad), which was a small fishing village until 1975 and the new industrial area. Jubail Industrial City is the largest civil engineering project in the world today.

In 1975, the Saudi government designated Jubail as the site for a new industrial city. Rapid expansion and industrialization ensued. The new industrial and residential areas were named Madīnat al Jubayl aṣ Ṣinā`īyah (Jubail Industrial City). The 2005 Census Report for Jubail Industrial City estimates the resident population at 224,430.


King Abdul-Aziz Naval Base
Jubail from space, June 1996
Aerial view November 2014
Factories in Jubail

The town of Al-Jubail on the Persian Gulf coast of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has ancient roots. Human habitation dates back at least 7,000 years, when the people of Dilmun — whose civilization radiated up and down the coast of the Persian Gulf — established a settlement there.1

Al Jubail was founded by Al-Buainain, between the 18th and 19th centuries.

In September 1933, Jubail gained a measure of fame as the landing site for the first team of geologists to explore for oil in Saudi Arabia.

Bechtel began work on the Jubail Industrial City project more than 30 years ago and is still working in Jubail now. Bechtel has managed the Jubail project since it began in the mid-1970s, and in 2004 the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu asked the company to manage Jubail II, a $3.8 billion expansion of the city's industrial and residential areas.



Jubail is directly connected with other cities by two major highways; Dhahran-Jubail Highway and Abu Hadriyah Highway.

One ongoing project is the Jubail-Qassim (Buraidah) Expressway 500 km (310 mi),which will reduce the distance between Jubail and Qassim (Buraidah) to around 331 km (206 mi) from the current 831 km (516 mi).


A branch of the Saudi Landbridge Project railway is proposed to connect Jubail to Dammam.


There are two seaports in Jubail—the Jubail Commercial Seaport and the King Fahd Industrial Seaport. As of 2011, Jubail ranks 92nd in the world in terms of Total Cargo Volume with 44,700 tons.[1]


Jubail Airport is an airfield 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Jubail City, near the industrial area.

Originally constructed by the Royal Commission of Jubail and Yanbu as part of Jubail project, it was meant to be used for commercial aviation until it was decided to utilize the large nearby King Fahd International Airport. Thus, it was handed over to the Ministry of Defence and has been used as a base for the naval aviation group/eastern fleet of the Royal Saudi Navy since then.

However it was recently announced that the airport will be opened for private aviation operations starting September 2014. A project to renovate the airfield was undertaken since some of the airfield's infrastructure was incomplete, as a result of the previous change for the use of airport from commercial to military. To date, the project and renovations have not been completed.

In addition, two other airfields are located in the city; Abu Ali Airport is located in the Island of Abu Ali while the other is located in King Abdulaziz Naval Base.

Main sights

Jubail is home to a number of big industries, most notably the "SABIC". Jubail has a robust market place, known as International Market. It also has a several malls, such as the Fanateer Mall, Jubail Center Mall, City Max, Hyper-Panda, Panda, HyperMarket, Jubail Centre, Home Center, Red Tag, Center Point, Nesto, Jubail Plaza, Center Point and Jubail Mall[2]

Distances to nearby places

Eastern Province

Other provinces

Other cities of the Persian Gulf



  1. ISG Jubail
  2. International Indian School, Al- Jubail (IIS Jubail)
  3. Jubail Academy International School
  4. Hafeez International School
  5. Pakistan International School
  6. Mariya international School
  7. King Fahd High School
  8. Najd Secondary School
  9. Umm Alqurra Secondary School
  10. Dana Elementary School
  11. Andulas Elementary School
  12. Al Murjan Elementary School
  13. Al Ahsa Secondary School
  14. Fayha Elementary School
  15. Khaleeg Intermediate School
  16. Fanatir Elementary School
  17. Al Deffi Secondary School

Universities and colleges

  1. Jubail University College
  2. Jubail Industrial College
  3. Jubail Technical Institute

Hospitals, dispensaries and dental centers


Coordinates: 27°00′N 49°40′E / 27.000°N 49.667°E / 27.000; 49.667

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/4/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.