Joseph B. Smith

Joseph B. Smith
Born 1826
Belfast, Maine
Died 8 March 1862 (aged 3536)
off Newport News, Virginia
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1841–1862
Rank Lieutenant (navy)
Commands held USS Congress
Battles/wars American Civil War

Joseph B. Smith (1826–8 March 1862) was an officer in the United States Navy who was killed in action during the American Civil War.

Early life and education

Born in Belfast, Maine, Smith was appointed midshipman on 19 October 1841. After graduating with the Class of 1847, he served at the Washington Navy Yard, in Mississippi and with the U.S. Coast Survey. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in 1855, and soon afterwards was assigned to the steam frigate Merrimack, his station until 1857. Smith next had ordnance duty at the Washington Navy Yard, D.C.


In 1860, he was ordered to frigate, Congress as her first lieutenant. He was in acting-command of Congress on 8 March 1862, when she was attacked and destroyed by the Confederate ironclad, CSS Virginia, and lost his life in the action. When his father, Captain Joseph Smith, heard of the surrender of Congress, he said, "Then Joe is dead," feeling that she never would have surrendered while his son lived.


Two ships have been named, USS Smith for him.


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