Joseph A. Mower

Joseph Anthony Mower

Maj. Gen. Joseph A. Mower
Born (1827-08-22)August 22, 1827
Woodstock, Vermont
Died January 6, 1870(1870-01-06) (aged 42)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1847–1848
Rank Major General
Unit 1st U.S. Infantry
Commands held 11th Missouri Infantry
XX Corps
39th U.S. Infantry
25th U.S. Infantry

Mexican-American War
American Civil War

Other work carpenter

Joseph Anthony Mower (August 22, 1827 January 6, 1870) was a Union general during the American Civil War. He was a competent officer and well respected by his troops and fellow officers to whom he was known as "Fighting Joe". William T. Sherman said of Mower, "he's the boldest young officer we have".


Mower was born in Woodstock, Vermont. He volunteered as a private in the Mexican-American War. In 1855 he entered the U.S. army as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Infantry.[1] During the Civil War, he became colonel of the 11th Missouri Infantry Regiment and fought at the Siege of Corinth. He assumed command of the 2nd Brigade of the 2nd Division in the Army of the Mississippi and led it into action at the Battle of Corinth. He was wounded in the neck and taken prisoner by Confederate forces but he was recovered by Union soldiers the same day.

He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on November 29, 1862. He recovered from his wounds and returned to command a brigade during the Vicksburg Campaign and siege of Vicksburg where he caught the attention of William T. Sherman. During the Red River Campaign he commanded the 1st and 3rd Divisions of the XVI Army Corps and won brevets in the regular army for actions at the battles of Fort De Russy and Yellow Bayou. He commanded the 1st Division of the Right Wing, XVI Corps at the Battle of Tupelo.

He was promoted to major general on August 12, 1864, and General Sherman ordered Mower to join the Union forces in Atlanta. He commanded the 1st Division of the XVII Army Corps during the March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign. His division played a significant role in the battles of Salkehatchie and Bentonville. Sherman made him commander of XX Corps in the Army of Georgia late in the war. After the fighting had ceased he sailed for Texas along with General Gordon Granger. He was placed in command of the District of Eastern Texas.

After the war he stayed in the army and became Colonel of the 39th U.S. Infantry and the 25th U.S. Infantry. He died in New Orleans, Louisiana on January 6, 1870.

See also


  1. The Civil War A Narrative, Red River to Appomattox, Page 834. Shelby Foote
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