Joseph-Benoît Suvée

Joseph-Benoît Suvée
Born 3 January 1743
Died 9 February 1807(1807-02-09) (aged 64)
Nationality Belgian
Education Pupil of Matthias de Visch and Jean-Jacques Bachelier
Known for Painting
Notable work Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi (1795)
Movement Neo-classicism
Awards Prix de Rome (1771)

Joseph-Benoît Suvée (3 January 1743 9 February 1807) was a Flemish painter strongly influenced by French neo-classicism.

Suvée was born in Bruges. Initially a pupil of Matthias de Visch, he came to France aged 19 and became a pupil of Jean-Jacques Bachelier. In 1771, he won the Prix de Rome. In Rome from 1772 to 1778, he prolonged the usual duration allowed to pensionaries of the French Academy in Rome. He was named an academician on his return to Paris and he opened an art school for young women at the Louvre. One of his students was Constance Mayer. He emulated and competed with Jacques-Louis David, earning his enduring hatred.

Named the French Academy in Rome's director in 1792, replacing François-Guillaume Ménageot, he was imprisoned for a while in the Prison Saint-Lazare and only able to take up the post in 1801. After a brilliant career, and a six years' stay in Rome as the Academy's Director, he died there suddenly.

His works include Achilles depositing the body of Hector at the feet of the body of Patroclus, (1769, Louvre), and Cornelia, mother of the Gracchi, (1795, Louvre).

Cornelia, mother of the Gracchi (1795, Louvre) 

His pupils were Jean-Baptiste Joseph Autrique, Jean-Joseph Beirens, Augustin van den Berghe, Ignace Van den Bussche, Cornelis Cels, Césarine Henriette Flore Davin, Joseph-François Ducq, Jean-Bernard Duvivier, Guillielmus Petrus Geysen, Albert Gregorius, Jan Frans Legillon, Jacques Madere, Constance Mayer, Jozef Karel De Meulemeester, Joseph Denis Odevaere, Gertrude de Pélichy, Pierre Joseph Petit (1752-1825), Ange René Ravault, Jacques Albert Sénave, Charles Spruyt, Mathieu Van den Bogaert, Philip van der Wal, and François-Jacques Wynckelman.[1]


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