Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira

Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira
1st Vice President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
In office
29 November 2006  29 December 2010
President José Montilla
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Joana Ortega
(as Vice President and Minister of Governance and Institutional Relations)
2nd First Minister of the Generalitat de Catalunya
In office
17 December 2003  20 February 2004
President Pasqual Maragall
Preceded by Artur Mas
Succeeded by Josep Bargalló
Personal details
Born (1952-05-17) 17 May 1952
Cambrils, Tarragona, Catalonia (Spain)
Political party Republican Left of Catalonia
Spouse(s) Teresa Comas
Occupation Politician and Philologist

Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛb ʎuˈis kəˈɾɔd ruˈβiɾə]), was born 17 May 1952 in Cambrils, Catalonia) was the Vice-president of the Catalan Government from 2006 to 2010. From 1996 to 2008 he was the leader of ERC Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (Republican Left of Catalonia).[1] ERC campaigns for Catalonia's independence from Spain and, secondarily, extend it to the Catalan Countries, the whole Catalan linguistic domain.

He was one of the two Vice Presidents of the Catalan autonomous government formed after the 2006 Catalan regional election. He now serves as vice president of the Ramon Llull Foundation. In the previous 2003 cabinet, he was First Minister (Catalan: conseller en cap) of the Generalitat de Catalunya. After his, at times, controversial style, eventually the other partners in the cabinet forced him to resign after his action culminated in a secret meeting with representatives of the Basque separatist group ETA, which was leaked to the press; this was followed by general political pressure asking for his resignation.

Education and professional background

Carod-Rovira received a bachelor's degree in Catalan Philology from the UB. He then enrolled as a teacher of the Catalan language at the University School of Tarragona (from 1978 to 1982). In the University world, he was also professor and vicepresident of the Catalan Summer University (Universitat Catalana d'Estiu) between 1986 and 1995. Before this, he also worked as Head Technician of Generalitat's linguistic planning policy (1981–1988) and headed the Cultural Territorial Services of the Generalitat at Tarragona (1982 to 1984).

Civic background

Carod-Rovira has been involved in several civic organisations, among which are Òmnium Cultural (member of its board between 1986 and 1995 and president of its Tarragonès division), Llull-Federació d'Entitats dels Països Catalans (member of its board between 1991–1995), the castellers association Colla Jove Xiquets de Tarragona (colla means association), the Catalan Language Writers Association, the PEN Club of Catalonia and the Societat Catalana d'Onomàstica.

As a writer, he has published Rovira i Virgili i la qüestió nacional (1994), Marcel·lí Domingo, de l'escola a la República (1988), Tornar amb la gent (1997), Jubilar la Transició (1998), El futur a les mans (2003) and La nova Catalunya (2003). He also has contributed in the Catalans from America Dictionary and in the book America and Catalonia, as well as several encyclopedias and specialized magazines. He has won several awards for historical essays and journalism.

Political background

He was actively involved in the fight against the authoritarian government of Franco and was jailed in 1973 when the 113 members of the Permanent Board of Catalonia's Assembly were arrested and the board was dissolved. Before entering, in 1987, ERC, he was an active member of the Socialist National Liberation Party (PSAN) between 1970 and 1977 and of the Left Nationalists (NE) between 1980 and 1986. Carod-Rovira also wrote the Resolution about the right to self-determination of the Catalan Nation in 1989.

Carod-Rovira was first elected General Secretary of ERC in November 1996, in the 21st National Congress of the party at Vilafranca del Penedès. He was reelected in Girona (22nd National Congress) by July 1998 and in Tarragona (23rd National Congress) by March 2001.

Carod-Rovira is president of ERC since its 24th National Congress, held in Lleida on 3 and 4 July 2004.

After the Catalan elections in 2003, he achieved the position of First Minister of the Catalan government between December 2003 and January 2004, when he was forced to resign over his secret meeting with ETA. He subsequently became a candidate for the Spanish Congress of Deputies in the elections of March 2004 and his party got 8 seats and almost quadrupled its popular support. This represented a major boost for ERC, which had had at most one seat since the establishment of the Spanish modern democracy in 1979. After the elections, Carod-Rovira asked for its substitution as a Deputy and remained in the Catalan Parliament.

Institutional background

Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira has been deputy at the Catalan Parliament since 1988 and also was First Minister of the Generalitat de Catalunya between December 2003 and January 2004. He was the Vice President of the Catalan Government in the eighth constituency.


  1. The World Factbook 2008. Government Printing Office. 2009-06-02. pp. 540–. ISBN 9780160829697.
Political offices
Preceded by
New title
Vice President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
2006 2010
Succeeded by
Joana Ortega
(as Vice President and Minister of Governance and Institutional Relations)
Preceded by
Artur Mas
First Minister of Catalonia
Succeeded by
Josep Bargalló
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jordi Carbonell
President of ERC
2004 2008
Succeeded by
Joan Puigcercós
Preceded by
Àngel Colom i Colom
General Secretary of ERC
1996 2004
Succeeded by
Joan Puigcercós
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