José Zulueta

José Zulueta
9th President of the Senate of the Philippines
In office
May 20, 1953  December 30, 1953
President Elpidio Quirino
Preceded by Camilo Osías
Succeeded by Eulogio Rodriguez
Senator of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1951  December 30, 1957
7th Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives
In office
June 9, 1945  December 20, 1945
President Sergio Osmeña
Preceded by Benigno Aquino, Sr.[1]
Succeeded by Eugenio Pérez
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Iloilo's First District
In office
Preceded by Eugenio Baldana
Succeeded by Mateo M. Nonato
In office
December 30, 1949  December 30, 1953
Preceded by Mateo M. Nonato
Succeeded by Pedro G. Trono
In office
December 30, 1969  September 23, 1972
Preceded by Pedro G. Trono
Succeeded by Vacant[2]
Post later held by Oscar G. Garin
Secretary of the Interior
In office
President Manuel Roxas
Preceded by Rafael Alunan
Succeeded by Sotero Baluyut
Personal details
Born (1889-11-23)November 23, 1889
Paco, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died December 6, 1972(1972-12-06) (aged 83)
Nationality Filipino
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Soledad Ramos

José Zulueta (Molo, Iloilo City, November 23, 1889 – December 6, 1972) was a Philippine lawyer and politician. He was elected as Senate President for a brief period in 1953.


During the Japanese Occupation Zulueta was accused of collaboration, along with Jorge Vargas, Jorge Bocobo, and Manuel Roxas, being the first to respond General Homma's order to form an Executive Commission. After the establishment of the Philippine Republic in 1946, the Department of Interior was restored and Zulueta was appointed by President Manuel Roxas once again to head the agency until 1948. Zulueta's term was marked by heightened tensions with the Hukbalahap movement, with Zulueta instituting a pass system that was required of Central Luzon residents wishing to travel outside their towns. Like his mentor Roxas, he adopted a hardline attitude toward the Huks, declaring in 1947 that the Huks faced only two choices: surrender or annihilation. He gave carte blanche to the Philippine Constabulary in all their operations against "dissidents". He was in charge of negotiating several times with its leaders, including Luis Lava, Luis Taruc, Juan Feleo, and Jose de Leon.

In 1946 Zulueta was elected as Speaker of the House of Representatives in the inaugural session of the Congress.

He became Senator (1951–1957) and was briefly elected the Senate President in 1953. He became Provincial Governor of Iloilo in 1959.

During the Marcos regime, he was made the Presidential Consultant on Local Government.

He is among the few Filipinos included in the World Biography, 1948 edition and in the International Who's Who, 1952 edition.

Zulueta was married to Soledad B. Ramos.

Library work

After his stint in journalism, Zulueta returned to academic work and focused on librarian tasks. He travelled the world and met famous collectors including Wenceslao Retana. He collaborated with bibliographers and historians such as James Alexander Robertson and Emma Helen Blair who needed references for work such as The Philippine Islands, 1493 to 1898. He also visited Spain to study the 1887 Exposicion General de Filipinas, and Cambridge to study the Vocabulario Tagalo. In Manila, he created archives and texts to collate the various historical sources for creating the Philippines' history, using both local and foreign sources.


  1. Aquino served as Speaker of the National Assembly during the Japanese Occupation (1942-1945)
  2. When Martial Law was declared, the Congress was dissolved.
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