José María Santocildes
Santocildes was born in Barcelona. He commanded in the defense of Astorga, Spain when it was besieged by French Napoleonic troops in 1810. In 1814, after the war, was appointed as Jefe del Estado Mayor General del Ejército.
Santocildes died in Barcelona.
- Història de la Guerra del Francès a Catalunya at the Wayback Machine (archived July 20, 2011). (Catalan)
- El Coronel Santocildes: Un Heroe Humilde (Spanish)
- Glover, Michael. The Peninsular War 1807-1814. London: Penguin, 2001. ISBN 0-141-39041-7
- Smith, Digby. The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill, 1998. ISBN 1-85367-276-9