Jonny Nilsson in 1962
|Birth name||Erling Martin Jonny Nilsson|
9 February 1943|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Weight||71 kg (157 lb)|
|Club||Bofors Cykelklubb; IK Wega, Göteborg|
|Achievements and titles|
500 m: 42.2 (1966)|
1000 m: 1:33.1 (1969)
1500 m: 2:08.2 (1966)
3000 m: 4:27.3 (1963)
5000 m: 7:32.9 (1968)
10 000 m: 15:33.0 (1963)
Aged 19 Nilsson made his international debut at the European Allround Championships in 1962, finishing 15th. Nilsson had trouble with the 500 m, which clearly showed at the World Allround Championships two weeks later – despite a 1st place on the 10,000 m and a 2nd place on the 5000 m, he finished only 10th overall because he had finished the 500 m in 45th place. For his accomplishments, Nilsson received the 1962 Oscar Mathisen Award. The next year at the World Allround Championships, he finished 23rd on the 500 m, but with a 6th place on the 1500 m and wins on both the 5,000 m and the 10000 m (both in new world record times), he made up his deficit and became World Allround Champion with a new world record samalog for the combination of the four distances.
At the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Nilsson was still the world record holder on both the 5000 m and the 10000 m, but he finished only 6th on the 5000 m. Two days later, though, he became Olympic Champion on the 10000 m. In 1965, Nilsson finished 4th at the World Allround Championships, despite winning both the 5000 m (in a new world record time) and the 10000 m. His last international medal came the following year at the 1966 World Allround Championships, where he won bronze. He participated in the 5000 m and the 10000 m at the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, but did not win any medals.
Besides his international successes, Nilsson won many national titles. He was Swedish Allround Champion four times (1964–1967) and won a total of 13 Swedish Single Distance Championships – twice on the 1,500 m (1966–1967), five times on the 5,000 m (1962–1966), and six times on the 10,000 m (1963–1968).
Over the course of his career, Nilsson skated five world records:
|5000 m||7.34,3||February 23, 1963||Karuizawa|
|10,000 m||15.33,0||February 24, 1963||Karuizawa|
|Big combination||178.447||February 24, 1963||Karuizawa|
|3000 m||4.27,6||March 23, 1963||Tolga|
|5000 m||7.33,2||February 13, 1965||Oslo|
|500 m||42.2||9 February 1966||Davos|
|1000 m||1:33.1||19 January 1969||Gothenburg|
|1500 m||2:08.2||2 February 1966||Davos|
|3000 m||4:27.6||23 March 1963||Tolga|
|5000 m||7:32.9||15 February 1968||Grenoble|
|10000 m||15:33.0||24 February 1963||Karuizawa|
|Big combination||178.447||24 February 1963||Karuizawa|
Nilsson was number one on the Adelskalender, the all-time allround speed skating ranking, for a total of 329 days, from February 1963 to January 1964. He has an Adelskalender score of 176.873 points.
- Eng, Trond. All Time International Championships, Complete Results: 1889 – 2002. Askim, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2002.
- Nilsson, Jonny. Sikta mot stjärnorna.... Filipstad, Sweden: Filipstads Tryckeri Förlag, 1963.
- Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater Internasjonale Mesterskap 1889 – 1989: Menn/Kvinner, Senior/Junior, allround/sprint. Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1989.
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Henk van der Grift
|Oscar Mathisen Award
| Succeeded by|
|Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal
| Succeeded by|