Jonathan L. Austin
|Jonathan Loring Austin|
|2nd Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth|
|Preceded by||John Avery, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||William Tudor|
|10th Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts|
|Preceded by||Thomas Harris|
|Succeeded by||John T. Apthorp|
|Member of the|
January 2, 1748|
May 10, 1826 (aged 78)|
|Political party||Democratic-Republican Party|
|Spouse(s)||Hannah Ivers, (March 20, 1756 −1818) m. Boston April 4, 1782.|
|Children||James Treacothie Austin|
|Alma mater||Harvard College; 1766.|
United States of America|
Jonathan Loring Austin (January 2, 1748 – May 10, 1826) was a Massachusetts revolutionary, diplomat and politician who served as the second Secretary of the Commonwealth and the tenth Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts. Austin was the father of Massachusetts Attorney General James Treacothie Austin.
Austin was born on January 2, 1748 in Boston, Massachusetts. Austin graduated from Harvard College in 1766. After he graduated from Harvard, Austin moved to Portsmouth, New Hampshire and became a merchant there.
American Revolutionary War
Massachusetts Board of War
Austin was the secretary to the Massachusetts Board of War until October 1777, when he was sent to Paris by Massachusetts to announce to Benjamin Franklin and his associates the news of John Burgoyne's surrender at the Battle of Saratoga.
Franklin soon afterwards sent him on a secret mission to England, where he met many members of the opposition and furnished them with much information concerning American affairs. The trip was full of incident, and, says one of Franklin's biographers (Morse), “brings to mind some of the Jacobite tales of Sir Walter Scott's novels.” He carried dispatches to Congress from the United States Commissioners in Paris early in 1779, and in January 1780, was dispatched to Europe to secure loans for Massachusetts in Spain and Holland.
Capture and release
Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth
Austin served as Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth for two years, from 1806 to 1808.
Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts
Austin served as Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts from 1811 to 1812.
- Julie Helen Ott, “Lydia and Her Daughters: A Boston Matrilineal Case Study,” NEHGS Nexus, Vol. IX, No. 1, pg. 25 (1992).
- Cutter, William Richard, ed., Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts, Volume IV (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1908), 1717.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1888). "Austin, Jonathan Loring". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. I. New York: D. Appleton. p. 120.
- Wharton, Francis (1889), The Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States, Volume I, Washington, DC: United States. Dept. of State: GPO, p. 620.
- Wharton, Francis (1889), "The Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States, Volume I", United States. Dept. of State: GPO, Washington, DC, p. 621.
- Cutter, William Richard (1908), "Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts, Volume IV", Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York City, p. 1717.
- Otto, Julie Helen (February–March 1992), "Lydia and Her Daughters: A Boston Matrilineal Case Study", NEHGS Nexus, IX (1), Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, p. 25
- "Austin, Jonathan Loring". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
John Avery, Jr.
|2nd Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth
| Succeeded by|
|10th Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts
| Succeeded by|
John T. Apthorp