John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby

John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby

Arms of Sir John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, KG.
Spouse(s) Maud Percy
Elizabeth Latimer


Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland
Sir Thomas Neville of Brancepeth
Alice Neville
Maud Neville
Idoine Neville
Eleanor Neville
Elizabeth Neville
John Neville, 6th Baron Latimer
Elizabeth Neville
Noble family Neville
Father Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby
Mother Alice Audley
Born c.1337
Died 17 October 1388
Newcastle upon Tyne
Raby Castle, seat of the Neville family.

John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, KG c.1337 – 17 October 1388) was an English peer and soldier.[lower-alpha 1]


John Neville, born at Raby Castle, Durham, between 1337 and 1340, was the eldest son of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, and Alice Audley. He had five brothers, including Alexander Neville, Archbishop of York, and four sisters.[1]


Cokayne notes that Neville's public career was as active as his father's had been. He fought against the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 as a captain under his father, was knighted about 1360 after a skirmish near Paris while serving under Sir Walter Manny, and fought in Aquitaine in 1366, and again in 1373-4.

At his father's death on 5 August 1367 he succeeded to the title, and had livery of his lands in England and Scotland in October of that year.

From 1367 on he had numerous commissions issued to him, and in 1368 served as joint ambassador to France.[2] He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1369.[3] In July 1370 he was Admiral of the North, and in November of that year a joint commissioner to treat with Genoa. He was Steward of the King's Household in 1372, and in July of that year was part of an expedition to Brittany. For the next several years he served in Scotland and the Scottish Marches. In 1378 he had licence to fortify Raby Castle, and in June of the same year was in Gascony, where he was appointed Keeper of Fronsac Castle and Seneschal of Gascony. He spent several years in Gascony, and was among the forces which raised the siege of Mortaigne in 1381. On his return to England he was again appointed Warden of the Marches. In May 1383 and March 1387 he was a joint commissioner to treat of peace with Scotland, and in July 1385 was to accompany the King to Scotland.[4]

Neville died at Newcastle upon Tyne on 17 October 1388. In his will he requested burial in Durham Cathedral by his first wife, Maud. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland.[5]

Marriages and issue

Neville married, before 1362, firstly, Maud Percy (d. before 18 February 1379), daughter of Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick, Northumberland, and Idoine de Clifford, daughter of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom he had two sons and five daughters:[6]

After his first wife Maud's death in 1379 Neville married secondly, before 9 October 1381, Elizabeth Latimer (d. 5 November 1395), daughter of William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, by whom he had a son and a daughter:[7]

After Neville's death, his widow, Elizabeth, married, as his second wife, Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (c.1348-50 – 9 August 1396), by whom she had a daughter, Margaret Willoughby.[10]

See also


  1. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography uses a different numbering system and numbers him the 5th Baron Neville and his father the 4th etc. (Tuck 2008).


Further reading

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Ralph Neville
Baron Neville de Raby
Succeeded by
Ralph Neville
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