John Isaac Briquet

John Isaac Briquet (13 March 1870 in Geneva 26 October 1931 in Geneva) was a Swiss botanist, director of the Conservatoire Botanique at Geneva.[1] [2][3]

He received his education in natural sciences at Geneva and Berlin,[4] and studied botany with Simon Schwendener, Adolf Engler, Marc Thury, Johannes Müller Argoviensis, and Alphonse de Candolle.[1] In 1896 he became a curator at the Conservatoire Botanique, later serving as its director (1906–1931). From 1912 to 1921, he was president of the Swiss Botanical Society.[4]

Between 1895 and 1917, with Émile Burnat, he participated in a number of botanical trips, journeying to Corsica, Dalmatia, the Maritime Alps (France and Italy), Montenegro, et al.[4]

Besides his floristic work, he had a particular interest in the genus Galeopsis, and family Lamiaceae (Labiatae).[1] He is especially remembered for his contributions to the "Rules of Nomenclature", the precursors of the modern International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, with which he took a leading role from 1900, at a time when four sets of rules were competing for acceptance:[5]

... for more than 30 years [he] was to take de Candolle's place as the leader in nomenclatural matters and ... by his clear-headedness, good nature, and judicial attitude was to contribute much to the solution of their problems.

Selected works


  1. 1 2 3 Gleason, H. A. (1932). "Obituary". Science. 76 (1968): 247248. doi:10.1126/science.76.1968.247. PMID 17731050.
  2. "Index of Botanists". Harvard University Herbaria. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
  3. "Briquet, John Isaac (18701931)". Aluka. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
  4. 1 2 3 Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz {biography)
  5. Weatherby, C.A. (1949). "Botanical Nomenclature Since 1867". American Journal of Botany. 36 (1): 5–7. doi:10.2307/2438113. JSTOR 2438113.
  6. WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by John Briquet
  7. IPNI.  Briq.

External links

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