John Dawson, 2nd Earl of Portarlington
|John Dawson, 2nd Earl of Portarlington|
Lithograph by Alfred, Count D'Orsay, 1828
28 December 1845 64) (aged|
|Buried at||Kensal Green Cemetery|
|Years of service||1798-1845|
46th Regiment of Foot|
23rd Light Dragoons
10th Regiment of Foot
John Dawson, 2nd Earl of Portarlington (26 February 1781 – 28 December 1845) was a British Army officer who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
He was the son of John Dawson, 1st Earl of Portarlington (1744–1798) who had been created Earl of Portarlington in 1785. His mother was Lady Caroline Stuart (before 1763–1813) the fifth daughter of John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute.
He began his career as an ensign in the 20th Foot in March 1798 and was promoted to Lieutenant in December of the same year. On 24 March 1800 he was promoted to captain in the 46th Foot before transferring to the 23rd Light Dragoons. After a spell as a major in the 4th Garrison Battalion and as a lieutenant colonel in the 10th Foot he returned to the 23rd Dragoons on 6 April 1809. Dawson served during the Peninsular Campaign and at the Battle of Talavera.
Although he commanded his regiment at the Battle of Quatre Bras on June 16–17, 1815, Dawson failed to appear at the head of his dragoons on the morning the Battle of Waterloo a day later. The reason for his non-appearance is unknown but it has been speculated that he was advised not to go by a surgeon or that "he had betaken himself that same evening to Brussels or elsewhere." Although he joined the 18th Hussars towards the end of the battle and took part in Major General Sir Hussey Vivian's decisive charge, he resigned from the army shortly afterwards.
Owing to his friendship with "Prinnie", the Prince Regent, later King George IV, he was offered a cornetcy in the 23rd Dragoons, which he accepted and became and aide-de-camp to the king with the automatic rank of colonel.
As he was unmarried and had no issue, the earldom passed to his nephew Henry Dawson-Damer, 3rd Earl of Portarlington (1822–1889).
- Bromley, Janet; Bromley, David (2015). Wellington's Men Remembered Volume 2: A Register of Memorials to Soldiers who Fought in the Peninsular War and at Waterloo- Volume II: M to Z. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-4738-5768-1.
- Dalton, Charles (1904). The Waterloo roll call. With biographical notes and anecdotes. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode.
- Stewart, John (2008). Byron and the Websters: The Letters and Entangled Lives of the Poet, Sir James Webster and Lady Frances Webster. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3240-0.
|Peerage of Ireland|
|Earl of Portarlington
| Succeeded by|