Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski
Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski
|Coat of arms||Lubomirski|
20 January 1616|
Wiśnicz, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
31 December 1667|
Breslau, Holy Roman Empire
Prince Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski (1616–1667) was a Polish noble (szlachcic), magnate, outstanding politician and military commander. Lubomirski was a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire SRI. He was the initiator of the Lubomirski Rebellion.
Son of voivode and starost Stanisław Lubomirski and Princess Zofia Ostrogska. He was married to Konstancja Ligęza since 1641 and Barbara Tarło since 1654. He was starost of Kraków since 1647, Court Marshal of the Crown in the same year, Grand Marshal of the Crown since 1650, Field Crown Hetman since 1658, starost of Nowy Sącz and Spisz.
Lubomirski became famous as a commander during wars with the Ukrainian Cossacks, Sweden, Transylvania and Muscovy in the 1648–1660 period. Inter alia he crushes the invading troops of George II Rákóczi and marched into Transylvania. He also forced, together with Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki, Russian troops to surrender at the battle of Cudnów in 1660.
The King accused him of treason to the state and with an adjudication of guilt adopted by the Sejm, he lost all his offices and was sent into banishment in 1664.
However, in 1665 he started the Lubomirski Rokosz (Rebellion) and countermanded system reforms of the Commonwealth. Using his influence Lubomirski had two sessions of the Sejm dissolved, in 1665 by deputies Piotr Telefus and Władysław Łoś, and in 1666 by deputies Kasper Miaskowski and Teodor Łukomski. At the head of regular army units and some noble levy (pospolite ruszenie) forces, he defeated the Royal army at Częstochowa in 1665 and royal troops led by the future King John III Sobieski, at Mątwy in 1666.
The Agreement of Łęgonice gave him back his dignity and annulled the earlier adjudication of the Sejm, the king was forced to give up his reform plans and the introduction of "vivente rege elections" and resulted in indirect abdication of the monarch in 1668. However, Lubomirski was forced into exile.
Some historians see Lubomirski as one of the most significant magnates of the 17th century. He frequently served as a deputy to the Sejm, was an excellent orator, military commander and politician, and had great private ambitions.
At the same time, many question his accomplishments; he was prideful and ambitious has been accused of strange and traitorous behaviour during the war against Sweden (1655–1660). While he contributed to the defeat of the Swedish-allied Transylvanian invaders, he let their leader and top officials go in exchange for nothing (as opposed to holding them for a ransom, or as political pawns). Lubomirski's "victorious" rebellion against the Polish government prevented the realisation of key reforms, which in turn had grave consequences for the Commonwealth in the long term. His only real big accomplishment was the victory at Cudnow, but even that he did not accomplish alone. He also abandoned his army afterwards, seeking praise from the royal court, while the army disintegrated and soldiers went unpaid and wounded were unattended.
Children and famous descendants
- Stanisław Herakliusz become Court and Grand Marshal.
- Aleksander Michał become starost.
- Hieronim Augustyn become Court Marshal, Treasurer and Hetman.
- Krystyna married Feliks Kazimierz Potocki.
- Franciszek Sebastian become starost and Rotmistrz.
- Jerzy Dominik become Podstoli, Podkomorzy and voivode.
- Anna Krystyna married Dominik Mikołaj Radziwiłł and Franciszek Stefan Sapieha.
His (4x great-)granddaughter, Princess Izabela Maria Lubomirska, is Prince Władysław Leon Sapieha's maternal grandmother. Prince Władysław Leon is himself Princess Zofia Sapieha's paternal grandfather. And Princess Zofia is Queen Mathilde of Belgium's maternal grandmother.
Prince Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski is a 12th generation ancestor of Queen Mathilde of Belgium.
|16. Feliks Lubomirski|
|8. Stanisław Lubomirski (d. 1585)|
|4. Count Sebastian Lubomirski (c. 1546–1613)|
|9. Laura de Effremis|
|2. Prince Stanisław Lubomirski (1583–1649)|
|5. Anna Branicka (? – 1639)|
|1. Prince Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski (1616–1667)|
|24. Duke Konstanty Ostrogski|
|12. Prince Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski|
|25. Aleksandra Słucka|
|6. Prince Aleksander Ostrogski (1571–1603)|
|26. Jan Tarnowski|
|13. Countess Zofia Tarnowska|
|27. Saint Zofia Szydłowiecka|
|3. Princess Zofia Ostrogska (1595–1622)|
|28. Stanisław Kostka (1475–1555)|
|14. Jan Kostka|
|29. Elżbieta z Eilemberku|
|7. Anna Kostka (1575–1635)|
|30. Stanisław Odrowąż|
|15. Zofia Odrowąż|
|31. Princess Anna of Masovia (Piast)|
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