It was the site of one of the largest landfills in the world. It closed in June 2012 after 34 years of operation.
The Associação dos Catadores do Aterro Metropolitano de Jardim Gramacho (Association of Collectors of the Metropolitan Landfill of Jardim Gramacho) is an organization of "pickers" who sort through garbage in the landfill, finding recyclables as a means of survival. The 2010 film Waste Land documented two years of work of Brazilian contemporary modern artist Vik Muniz in creating art with the cooperation of the people collecting recyclables at the landfill.
- "Rio de Janeiro closes its massive Jardim Gramacho dump". USA Today. Associated Press. June 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- Barchfield, Jenny (5 June 2012). "Rio closes massive Jardim Gramacho dump". TV3. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- Cook, Cindi. "'Waste Land' shows at Soho House". LadyLux. Retrieved 17 February 2012.