HMS Beagle (1854)
HMS Beagle and Wrangler by Sir Oswald Brierly, 1855
|Ordered:||10 April 1854|
|Builder:||C J Mare & Company, Leamouth, London|
|Laid down:||15 April 1854|
|Launched:||20 July 1854|
|Commissioned:||3 September 1854|
|Fate:||Sold to the Japanese Army in 1863|
|Fate:||Broken up in 1889|
|Class and type:||Arrow-class gunvessel|
|Tons burthen:||476 68/94 bm|
|Length:||160 ft (48.8 m)|
|Beam:||25 ft (7.6 m)|
|Draught:||11 ft 8 in (3.6 m) (aft)|
|Depth of hold:||13 ft (3.962 m)|
|Installed power:||160 nhp|
The Crimean War sparked a sudden need for shallow-draught, manoeuvrable vessels for inshore work in the Baltic and the Black Sea. The Arrow class of six wooden-hulled screw steamers were built during 1854 to a design by the Surveyor’s Department. Construction was undertaken at two commercial yards on the Thames, R & H Green and C J Mare & Company, both of Leamouth, London. Two further designs of Crimean War gunvessel were ordered during 1855, the Intrepid class and the Vigilant class. The class was built as despatch vessels, but in 1856 were re-designated as second-class gunvessels.
All Arrow-class gunvessels were barque-rigged.
The Arrow class were provided with two 68-pounder Lancaster muzzle-loading rifled guns weighing 95 long cwt (4,800 kg) on pivot mounts, and four 32-pounder 25 long cwt (1,300 kg) guns.
Beagle was laid down at the Leamouth yard of C J Mare & Company on 15 April 1854 and launched on 20 July the same year. She was commissioned into the Royal Navy two months later on 3 September.
Beagle took part in the Crimean War from 1854 to 1856. During the Crimean War, two of her ship's company were awarded the Victoria Cross for their actions: Joseph Trewavas was awarded the VC for his actions in the Sea of Azov, and an acting-mate in Beagle, Wiliam Hewett, was awarded the VC for his actions in defending a shore battery.
- Winfield, Rif & Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.