Jammu and Kashmir Police

This article is about the police force responsible for Indian-administered Kashmir. For the police force responsible for Pakistani-administered Kashmir, see Azad Jammu and Kashmir Police.
Jammu & Kashmir Police
جموں و کشمیر پولیس
Common name JK Police
Abbreviation JKP

The Jammu & Kashmir Police patch, depicting the department logo.

The seal of the Jammu & Kashmir Police, with the emblem of India.
Motto A Saga of Sacrifice and Courage[1]
Agency overview
Formed 1873[2]
Employees 83,000 (Uniformed)[3]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Jammu & Kashmir, Republic of India
Map of Jammu & Kashmir Police Department's jurisdiction.
Size 85,806 square miles (222,240 km2)
Population 12,548,926
Legal jurisdiction Jammu & Kashmir
General nature
Operational structure

Peer Bagh, Srinagar (May to October)

Gulshan Ground, Jammu (November to April)
Director General of Police responsible K. Rajendra Kumar, IPS
Parent agency Government of Jammu & Kashmir
Child agency Home Department
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Jammu and Kashmir Police (Urdu: جموں و کشمیر پولیس) or JKP, was established in 1873 and is the law enforcement agency, having primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation within the twenty two districts of the state of Jammu & Kashmir in India. The department serves an area of 85,806 square miles (222,236 sq km) and a population of 12,548,926 people at the 2011 census. JKP works with the Indian Army, the Central Reserve Police Force, and other Paramilitary forces of India to keep the state secure from incursions from Pakistan. The agency is also involved in the investigation of alleged misconduct by other units of the security forces in the state.[4][5]

The J&K Police has prevented attacks in other Indian states by arresting terrorists en route from Pakistan.[6]


The first specific Jammu & Kashmir police force came into existence in the year 1873 with one police officer known as Kotwal and 14 Thanedars for Srinagar City. This police force would control crime and take care of law and order situations with help of Chowkidars and Harkars, who were paid by the population out of their annual agricultural produce on a voluntary basis.

It was in 1913 that the state requisitioned the service of an Imperial Police (IP) officer on deputation and appointed Mr Broadway as the first Inspector General of Police in June, 1913. He continued to be Police chief up to 1917 and was followed by other IP officers.

Since then the Police in J&K has undergone several re-organizations, The employee strength of Police in J&K in the year 1889-90 was 1040, which further rose to 1570 in the year 1903 and forty years later, in 1943-44, the strength of J&K Police was 3179 and at present it has exceeded 83000 mark.[7]

Organizational structure

Jammu and Kashmir Police comes under direct control of Department of Home Affairs, Government of Jammu and Kashmir. The Jammu and Kashmir Police is headed by Director General of Police (DGP).[8]

Special agencies

See also


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