James Stephens Bulloch
|James Stephens Bulloch|
|Died||February 18, 1849|
Hester Amarintha Elliott|
(m. 1817—1831; her death)
Martha P. Stewart
(m. 1832—1849; his death)
James Bulloch II|
James Stephens Bulloch (1793 – February 18, 1849) was an early Georgia settler and planter. He was a grandson of Georgia governor Archibald Bulloch and a nephew of Senator William Bellinger Bulloch. He was also the grandfather of President Theodore Roosevelt and the great-grandfather of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.
Life and career
James Stephens Bulloch was born in Savannah, Georgia to a planter family. His parents were the former Ann Irvine (January 14, 1770 — 1810) and her husband Captain James Bulloch II (1765 — February 9, 1806). He had an elder brother, John Irvine Bulloch, and two younger sisters, Jane and Ann Bulloch.
He was educated to become a planter and learned about managing crops and working with overseers to deal with slave labor.
Marriage and family
The younger James Bulloch first married Hester Amarintha "Hettie" Elliott (1797 — February 1831), a daughter of Senator John Elliott and Esther Dunwoody, on December 31, 1817. They had two sons:
- John Elliott Bulloch (January 1819 — September 1821)
- James Dunwoody Bulloch (June 25, 1823 — January 7, 1901)
After Hettie died, Major Bulloch married on May 8, 1832, Martha "Patsy" Stewart (March 15, 1799 — October 30, 1864), the second wife and widow of Senator Elliott. James had previously courted Patsy in 1817 and proposed to her. She had declined the proposal and later married Senator Elliott. Patsy was the youngest daughter of General Daniel Stewart (1761—1829) and Sarah Susannah Oswald (1770—1807). Sarah had a brother Thomas Hepworth Oswald (1760—1790.)
James and Patsy had four children:
- Anna Louisa Bulloch (September 15, 1833 — June 9, 1893)
- Martha "Mittie" Bulloch (July 8, 1835 — February 14, 1884), wife of businessman/philanthropist Theodore "Thee" Roosevelt, Sr.. She was the mother of President Theodore Roosevelt, the future president; and Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt. She was the paternal grandmother of socialite Alice Lee Roosevelt and First Lady Anna Eleanor Roosevelt.
- Charles Irvine Bulloch (October 1838 — July 1841)
- Irvine Stephens Bulloch (June 25, 1842 — July 14, 1898). Charles and Irvine were born in Cobb County, Georgia after the family had moved from Savannah.
Cotton mills and development of Roswell
Major Bulloch moved his family from Savannah in 1838 to north Georgia to partner with Roswell King in establishing a cotton mill in the piedmont near the fall line. They used water power for their mills. There in what developed as the town of Roswell, Bulloch built Bulloch Hall in 1839 with the labor of African-American slaves and craftsman.
Bulloch also developed a plantation in the uplands, where his workers cultivated and processed short-staple cotton, the chief commodity crop. This cotton had been made profitable by invention of the cotton gin, and was planted throughout the piedmont.
Legacy and honors
- Their plantation house of Bulloch Hall has been restored and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- DeVane, Ernest E.; Clarece Martin (1987). Roswell: Historic Homes and Landmarks (Third ed.). Roswell Historical Society.
- Gary L. McKay, Walter E. Wilson (2012). James D. Bulloch: Secret Agent and Mastermind of the Confederate Navy. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company Inc.