James D. Richardson
|James D. Richardson|
|House Minority Leader|
|Preceded by||Joseph Weldon Bailey|
|Succeeded by||John Sharp Williams|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee's 5th district|
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1905
|Preceded by||Richard Warner|
|Succeeded by||William C. Houston|
|Member of the Tennessee Senate|
|Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives|
March 10, 1843|
Rutherford County, Tennessee
July 24, 1914 71) (aged|
|Spouse(s)||Alabama Rebecca Pippen Richardson|
Annie Augusta Richardson Ida Lee Richardson
James Daniel Richardson
Allie Sue RichardsonJohn Watkins Richardson
|Alma mater||Franklin College, Tennessee|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Unit||Forty-fifth Regiment, Tennessee Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
James Daniel Richardson (March 10, 1843 – July 24, 1914) was an American politician and a Democrat from Tennessee for Tennessee's 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1885 through 1905.
Richardson was born in Rutherford County, Tennessee, son of John Watkins and Augusta M. Starnes Richardson. He attended the country schools and Franklin College, near Nashville. He married Alabama Pippen on January 18, 1865, and they had five children, Annie Augusta, Ida Lee, James Daniel, Allie Sue, and John Watkins.
Before graduating from college, Richardson enlisted in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War, and served nearly four years. The first year he was a private and the remaining three years as adjutant of the Forty-fifth Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice January 1, 1867, in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He was elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives, serving from 1871 to 1873, and then to the Tennessee Senate, serving from 1873 to 1875. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1876, 1896, and 1900, and presided as permanent chairman at the 1900 convention.
Elected as a Democratic to the Forty-ninth and to the nine succeeding Congresses, Richardson served from March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1905. He was among the earliest U.S. House Minority Leaders, holding that position from 1899 to 1903, during the 56th and 57th United States Congresses.
Pursuant to an act of Congress on August 20, 1894, Richardson was charged with compiling the "Messages and Papers of the Presidents," a multi-volume work including every single important document from the federal Government, from the early days of President Washington through the second administration of Grover Cleveland, plus some papers from the administration of William McKinley.
Richardson died on July 24, 1914 (age 71 years, 136 days) in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He is interred at Evergreen Cemetery.
- Allison, John (1905). Notable Men of Tennessee: Personal and Genealogical, with portraits. Atlanta, Georgia: Southern historical Association. pp. 131–132. OCLC 2561350 – via Internet Archive.
- "James D. Richardson". Notable Names Data Base. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "James D. Richardson". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "James D. Richardson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "James D. Richardson". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "James D. Richardson". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James D. Richardson.|
- United States Congress. "James D. Richardson (id: R000222)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Works by James D. Richardson at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about James D. Richardson at Internet Archive
- Works by James D. Richardson at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- James D. Richardson at Find a Grave
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 5th congressional district
| Succeeded by|
William C. Houston
David B. Culberson
|Democratic Caucus Chairman of the United States House of Representatives
| Succeeded by|
Joseph Weldon Bailey
|Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives
| Succeeded by|
John Sharp Williams