Jaime, Duke of Braganza


Duke of Braganza
Tenure 20 June 1483 – 20 September 1532
Predecessor Fernando II
Successor Teodósio I
Born 1479
Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 20 September 1532
Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
Spouse Leonor of Pérez de Guzmán
Joana of Mendoça
among others...
Isabella, Duchess of Guimarães
Teodósio I
Constantino, 7th Viceroy of India
House House of Braganza
Father Fernando II
Mother Isabella of Viseu
Religion Roman Catholicism

Dom Jaime of Braganza (1479 – 20 September 1532) was the 4th Duke of Braganza and the 2nd Duke of Guimarães, among other titles. He is known for reviving the wealth and power of the House of Braganza, which was confiscated by King João II of Portugal.


Born in 1479, Jaime was young when he witnessed the arrest and execution of his father, Fernando II, Duke of Braganza, and of his uncle, Diogo I of Beja and Viseu. They were both executed for treason, when King João II of Portugal discovered a plot among the nobility against the Crown. After his father's death, Jaime's family, the House of Braganza, were banished to Castile and their properties and vast wealth were seized by the Portuguese Crown.

After King João II's death in 1495, the throne passed to João II's cousin, Manuel, Duke of Beja and Viseu. In 1498, Manuel I, having been a powerful nobleman before his ascension to the throne, forgave the House of Braganza and welcomed them back to Portugal. He returned all their possessions and then some, but demanded devout loyalty from the Duke of Braganza, Jaime. With all his wealth returned, Jaime saw to demonstrate the power of the House of Braganza by building the Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa, a sumptuous Portuguese Renaissance palace in the Alentejo province of Portugal.

Royal favour

Later in 1498, Manuel I was to go on a trip of duty to Castile. This was shortly after Portugal had witnessed a succession crisis and Manuel I, who had no heirs, saw that Parliament (the Cortes) named Jaime, son of Isabel of Beja and Viseu, Manuel I's sister, heir presumptive to the throne of Portugal.

Jaime married Leonor Pérez de Guzmán y Pérez de Guzmán, daughter of Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia. She was murdered in 1512 by order of Jaime who suspected her of adultery. King Manuel I decided that Jaime, to escape imprisonment, would have to prepare and fully finance a fleet to conquer the city of Azamor, on the Moroccan Atlantic coast. The city was easily conquered by the Duke's forces and he returned to Portugal forgiven and a hero.

Marriages and children

In 1500, Jaime married Leonor of Pérez de Guzmán, daughter of Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia. They had two children before she was killed in 1512.

Isabel151016 September 1576Married Duarte I, Duke of Guimarães
Teodósio I150322 September 156312th Count of Barcelos, 9th Count of Ourém, 6th Count of Arraiolos and Neiva, 5th Duke of Braganza, 4th Marquis of Vila Viçosa

In 1520, Jaime married Joana of Mendoça, daughter of Diogo of Mendonça, High-Alcaide of Mourão. They had eight children, most of whom saw successful lives.

Joana15211588Married Bernardino de Cardenas, 3rd Marquis of Elche
Eugénia15251559Married Francisco de Melo, 2nd Marquis of Ferreira
Maria15271586Abbess at the Monastery of the Five Wounds of Vila Viçosa
Constantino152815757th Viceroy of India, 9th Captain of Ribeira Grande
Fulgêncio15291582Grand-Prior of the Collegiate of Guimarães
Teotónio15301602Archbishop of Évora, Bishop of Fez, parliamentary member of the Portuguese Cortes of Tomar (1581) and Lisbon (1583)
Vicência15321603Abbess at the Monastery of the Five Wounds of Vila Viçosa


See also


Media related to Jaime, Duke of Braganza at Wikimedia Commons

Jaime, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 1479 Died: 1532
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
Fernando II
Duke of Braganza and Guimarães;
Marquis of Vila Viçosa; Count of Barcelos,
Ourém, Neiva, and Arraiolos

Succeeded by
Teodósio I
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