James Parmentier (1658 – 2 December 1730), also known as Jacques Parmentier was a French painter who spent much of his career in England, partly in London and partly in Yorkshire.
Parmentier was born in France in 1658. He initially studied art under his uncle, Sébastien Bourdon, who died in 1671. After some further instruction from another relation, Parmentier went to England in September 1676, to work under the decorative painter Charles de La Fosse, who was then painting the ceilings at Montagu House in Bloomsbury. He came to the attention of William III, who sent him to work at his palace of Het Loo in Holland, but his employment there came to a premature end following a dispute with Daniel Marot, then surveyor of the royal palaces in Holland. While in the Netherlands Parmentier painted the ceiling and two chimney-pieces in the chief room of the royal palace at Binnenhof. He was a member of the guild of St Luke at The Hague, becoming a master on 1 December 1698.
Parmentier returned to London, but unable to find sufficient patronage there, he accepted an invitation to go to Yorkshire, where he painted many portraits. In 1711 he was paid £50 to paint an altarpiece showing the Last Supper for the church of the Holy Trinity Church at Hull. It survives, although in a mutilated condition. He also executed a ceiling painting on the theme of Moses receiving the law for St. Peter's Church at Leeds, and decorated staircases at Worksop Manor for the Duke of Norfolk, and at the house of John Atkinson, a former mayor of Leeds.
Following the death of Louis Laguerre in 1721 Parmentier returned to London, hoping to succeed to his practice as a decorative painter. During this London sojourn he became a member of a masonic music club called the Philo-musicae et -architecturae societas Apollini, which met at the Queen's Head tavern on Fleet Street near Temple Bar. Parmentier may have been hoping that freemasonry might provide a viable source of patronage for him, and it is known that he did get some work through the club, as its minute-book records that when the tavern changed its name to the Apollo tavern in recognition of its musical clientele, Parmentier painted the new sign. He did not, however, achieve his hoped-for success in London, and was on the point of returning to the Netherlands, where he had been invited to spend the rest of his life with relatives at Amsterdam, when he died on 2 December 1730. He was buried in St Paul's, Covent Garden.
- Cust, Lionel Henry (1895). "Parmentier, James". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 43. London: Smith, Elder & Co. The DNB cites as references Vertue's Diaries (Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 23076); Redgrave's Dictionary of Artists; Dussieux's 'Artistes Français à l'Etranger; and Obreen's Archief voor Nederlandsche Kunstgeschiedenis, v. 139.
- "The parish churches". A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1: The City of Kingston upon Hull. Victoria County History. 1969. pp. 287–311. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- The Beauties of England (second ed.). London: L. Davis and C. Reymers. 1764. p. 226.
The only parochial church is St. Peter's on the ceiling of which the delivering of the Law to Moses is finely painted in Fresco by Parmentier
- Mayhall, John, ed. (1860). The Annals of York, Leeds, Bradford, Halifax, Doncaster, Barnsley, Wakefield. Leeds: Joseph Johnson. p. 112. The house was at the corner of Call Lane and Duncan Street in Leeds.
- Walpole, Horace (1782). "James Parmentier". Anecdotes of Painting in England, 3: With Some Account of the Principal Artists (3rd ed.). London: J. Dodsley. p. 274.
- Andrew Pink, 'A music club for freemasons: Philo-musicae et -architecturae societas Apollini, London, 1725-1727', Early Music, 38 (4), pp. 523-36, accessed 16 May 2016.
- "Jacques Parmentier". BBC Your Paintings. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cust, Lionel Henry (1895). "Parmentier, James". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 43. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Media related to James Parmentier at Wikimedia Commons
Images of works by James Parmentier at the National Portrait Gallery, London