Italian seaplane carrier Giuseppe Miraglia
|Builder:||Regio Arsenale della Spezia|
|Laid down:||5 March 1921|
|Launched:||20 December 1923|
|Commissioned:||1 November 1927|
|Struck:||15 July 1950|
|Class and type:||seaplane tender|
|Propulsion:||2 Parsons steam turbines with 8 Yarrow boilers, 2 shafts, 16,700 shp|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h)|
|Aircraft carried:||17 seaplanes|
|Aviation facilities:||2 catapults|
Giuseppe Miraglia was an Italian seaplane carrier.
Giuseppe Miraglia was laid down in 1921 as the train ferry Città di Messina, intended for use by the Italian State Railway Company, but was acquired by the Regia Marina soon after her launch in 1923. Works to convert her into a seaplane carrier began immediately; in 1925, with the ship nearly complete, Giuseppe Miraglia capsized during a storm. Salvaged under the direction of Umberto Pugliese, she was repaired and commissioned in November 1927.
Giuseppe Miraglia participated in the Second Italo-Abyssinian War and the Spanish Civil War. During World War II, after surviving the Battle of Taranto, she was employed in the Mediterranean theatre. After the Armistice she sailed (along with much of the Italian fleet) to Malta for internment.
After the British motor torpedo boat depot ship HMS Vienna was straddled by bombs and damaged beyond repair during the Luftwaffe bombing raid on the Italian port of Bari on December 2, 1943 and the subsequent mustard gas disaster, Giuseppe Miraglia was impressed by the Royal Navy as temporary replacement.
Giuseppe Miraglia could carry some 17 seaplanes (originally Macchi M.18, later IMAM Ro.43), and was equipped with two catapults. Seaplanes could be retrieved by means of large doors and cranes at the sides of the hangar.