Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Italy)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs - (IMFA)
Ministero degli affari esteri e della cooperazione internazionale (MAECI)

Palazzo della Farnesina, home to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Agency overview
Formed 1848 (1848)
Jurisdiction Council of Ministers of Italy
Headquarters Rome
Minister responsible

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Italian: Ministero degli affari esteri e della cooperazione internazionale or MAECI) is the foreign ministry of the government of the Republic of Italy. It is also known as the Farnesina as a metonym from its headquarters, the Palazzo della Farnesina in Rome. It is headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs - the current minister is Paolo Gentiloni.


The first official manifestation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was called The Secretary of the State of Foreign Affairs for the now defunct Kingdom of Sardinia. The original name was derived from the Albertine Statute that founded the Ministry in 1848. The original location was the Palazzo della Consulta in Rome, where it remained until 1922.

The first significant reform came under the direction of the minister Carlo Sforza who reorganized the Ministry around territorial bases. However, this system was later replaced during Benito Mussolini's fascist regime. During this time the Ministry was housed at Palazzo Chigi; after a brief period in Brindisi during the war, Cabinet President Pietro Badoglio restored the full services of the Ministry with a ministerial decree on 15 July 1944.

Since 1959 the Ministry has been at its current location in Palazzo della Farnesina, which together with the Reggia di Caserta is one of the biggest buildings in Italy.


The current role of the MAECI are laid out in the laws passed on 23 April 2003 n. 109 which states that the Ministry holds the explicit function of representing and guarding the interests of Italy concerning its political, economic, social, and cultural relations with the world and its direct relations with other states and international organizations. The ministry represents Italy in its implementation and revisions of treaties and international conventions. Within the organization of the European Union, the ministry advocates Italy's positions on councils of foreign politics and common security such as, CFSP, The European Community and Euratom. It cooperates with international organizations on issues of development, immigration, and the protection of Italians and workers abroad.

List of Ministers (since 1946)

Name Period Government
Alcide De Gasperi (DC) 14 July 1946 - 18 October 1946 De Gasperi II Cabinet
Pietro Nenni (PSI) 18 October 1946 - 2 February 1947 De Gasperi II Cabinet
Carlo Sforza (PRI) 2 February 1947 - 16 July 1951 De Gasperi III Cabinet
De Gasperi IV Cabinet
De Gasperi V Cabinet
De Gasperi VI Cabinet
Alcide De Gasperi (DC) 16 July 1951 - 17 August 1953 De Gapseri VII Cabinet
De Gasperi VIII Cabinet
Giuseppe Pella (DC) 17 August 1953 - 18 January 1954 Pella Cabinet
Attilio Piccioni (DC) 18 January 1954 - 19 September 1954 Fanfani I Cabinet
Scelba Cabinet
Gaetano Martino (PLI) 19 September 1954 - 6 May 1957 Scelba Cabinet
Segni I Cabinet
Giuseppe Pella (DC) 6 May 1957 - 25 March 1960 Zoli Cabinet
Fanfani II Cabinet
Segni II Cabinet
Antonio Segni (DC) 25 March 1960 - 7 May 1962 Tambroni Cabinet
Fanfani III Cabinet
Fanfani IV Cabinet
Attilio Piccioni (DC) 7 May 1962 - 4 December 1963 Fanfani IV Cabinet
Leone I Cabinet
Giuseppe Saragat (PSDI) 4 December 1963 - 28 December 1964 Moro I Cabinet
Moro II Cabinet
Amintore Fanfani (DC) 28 December 1964 - 24 June 1968 Moro II Cabinet
Moro III Cabinet
Giuseppe Medici (DC) 24 June 1968 - 12 December 1968 Leone II Cabinet
Pietro Nenni (PSI) 12 December 1968 - 5 August 1969 Rumor I Cabinet
Aldo Moro (DC) 5 August 1969 - 23 November 1974 Rumor II Cabinet
Rumor III Cabinet
Colombro Cabinet
Andreotti I Cabinet
Andreotti II Cabinet
Rumor IV Cabinet
Rumor V Cabinet
Mariano Rumor (DC) 23 November 1974 - 29 July 1976 Moro IV Cabinet
Moro V Cabinet
Arnaldo Forlani (DC) 29 July 1976 - 4 August 1979 Andreotti III Cabinet
Andreotti IV Cabinet
Andreotti V Cabinet
Franco Maria Malfatti (DC) 4 August 1979 - 15 January 1980 Cossiga I Cabinet
Attilio Ruffini (DC) 15 January 1980 - 4 April 1980 Cossiga I Cabinet
Emilio Colombo (DC) 4 April 1980 - 4 August 1983 Cossiga II Cabinet
Forlani Cabinet
Spadolini I Cabinet
Spadolini II Cabinet
Giulio Andreotti (DC) 4 August 1983 - 22 July 1989 Craxi I Cabinet
Craxi II Cabinet
Fanfani VI Cabinet
Goria Cabinet
De Mita Cabinet
Gianni De Michelis (PSI) 22 July 1989 - 28 June 1992 Andreotti VI Cabinet
Andreotti VII Cabinet
Emilio Colombo (DC) 28 June 1992 - 28 April 1993 Amato II Cabinet
Beniamino Andreatta (DC) 28 April 1993 - 10 May 1994 Ciampi Cabinet
Antonio Martino (FI) 10 May 1994 - 17 January 1995 Berlusconi I Cabinet
Susanna Agnelli (Independent) 17 January 1995 - 17 May 1996 Dini Cabinet
Lamberto Dini (Independent) 17 May 1996 - 11 June 2001 Prodi I Cabinet
D'Alema I Cabinet
D'Alema II Cabinet
Amato II Cabinet
Renato Ruggiero (FI) 11 June 2001 - 14 November 2002 Berlusconi II Cabinet
Franco Frattini (FI) 14 November 2002 - 18 November 2004 Berlusconi II Cabinet
Gianfranco Fini (AN) 18 November 2004 - 17 May 2006 Berlusconi II Cabinet
Berlusconi III Cabinet
Massimo D'Alema (PD) 17 May 2006 - 8 May 2008 Prodi II Cabinet
Franco Frattini (PdL) 8 May 2008 - 16 November 2011 Berlusconi IV Cabinet
Giulio Terzi di Sant'Agata (Independent) 16 November 2011 - 28 April 2013 Monti Cabinet
Emma Bonino (Independent) 28 April 2013 - 22 February 2014 Letta Cabinet
Federica Mogherini (PD) 22 February 2014 - 31 October 2014 Renzi Cabinet
Paolo Gentiloni (PD) 31 October 2014 - incumbent Renzi Cabinet


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