Italian Left

Italian Left
Sinistra Italiana
Leaders Nicola Fratoianni
Stefano Fassina
Alfredo D'Attorre
Sergio Cofferati
Founded 7 November 2015
Headquarters Via Arenula, 29
00186 Rome, Italy
Ideology Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Political position Left-wing
European affiliation EGP (Grüne)
International affiliation GG (Grüne)
European Parliament group GUE/NGL (1 MEP)
S&D (1 MEP)
Colours      Red
Chamber of Deputies
32 / 630
8 / 315
European Parliament
2 / 73
Regional Government
0 / 20

Italian Left (Italian: Sinistra Italiana, SI) is the name of a left-wing coalition, initially active as a parliamentary group in the Chamber of Deputies (full name: Italian Left – Left Ecology Freedom). The coalition includes Left Ecology Freedom, dissidents from the Democratic Party (see Future to the Left) and splinters from the Five Star Movement.[1]

According to its promoters, primarily Nicola Fratoianni, Stefano Fassina, Alfredo D'Attorre and Sergio Cofferati, SI will take part to the 2016 local elections and will be transformed into a full-fledged party by the end of 2016.[2]

Notable members of SI include Laura Boldrini (President of the Chamber of Deputies), Marco Doria (mayor of Genoa), and Leoluca Orlando (mayor of Palermo).


In June 2015 Fassina, a long-time critic of Matteo Renzi, leader of the Democratic Party (PD) and Prime Minister, left the party,[3] followed by his long-time ally Monica Gregori.[4] In July, during a convention, Fassina launched Future to the Left, which aimed at being an embryonic new party to the left of the PD, open to other Democratic splinters, such as those gathered in Giuseppe Civati's Possible, and Left Ecology Freedom, a political party led by Nichi Vendola.

In November one senator (Corradino Mineo)[5] and three more deputies (Alfredo D'Attorre, Carlo Galli and Vincenzo Folino)[6][7] left the party in protest at Renzi. D'Attorre, who holds a doctorate in philosophy from the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies,[8] wrote a manifesto for a new "labour" party, which was signed also by the other five MPs and, among other things, read: "The genetic mutation of the PD, born as central force of the Italian centre-left, is unfortunately already completed. The Renzi experience and the introduced mutations won't be a parenthesis. They have already altered in a irreversible way the perception of the PD and its function in the collective imagination".[9] Subsequently, a parliamentary group under the banner of Italian Left was formed in the Chamber of Deputies, whose core was formed by SEL.[10][11]

In February 2016 SI held its constituent assembly in Rome, where it was announced that SI will be founded as a full-fledged party in December.[12][13][14] Consequently, SI was established as a sub-group within the Mixed Group in the Senate: five senators of SEL, two dissidents from the Five Star Movement (Fabrizio Bocchino and Francesco Campanella and one former Democrat (Mineo) joined,[15] while two SEL senators (including Sardinian nationalist Luciano Uras)[16] refused to join.[17]

Several lists named after SI participated in the 2016 local elections. The party did particularly well in Sesto Fiorentino, a medium-sized city in the metropolitan area of Florence, where it won 17.5% of the vote and its candidate for mayor was elected in the run-off with 65.5%.[18][19]


Party Main ideology Leader
Left Ecology Freedom[20] (SEL) Democratic socialism Nichi Vendola
Future to the Left[21] (FaS) Social democracy Stefano Fassina
Greens of South Tyrol[22] (Grüne) Green politics Brigitte Foppa, Giorgio Zanvettor
The Network 2018[23] Anti-corruption politics Leoluca Orlando
Labour Party[24] (PL) Socialism Gian Paolo Patta, Cesare Salvi
Party of the South[25] (PdS) Regionalism Natale Cuccurese
Venetian Left[26] (SV) Communism Pietrangelo Pettenò
Sicilian Socialist Party[27] (PSS) Democratic socialism Antonio Matasso

Along these, some youth organisations (including ACT! Agire Costruire Trasformare[28] and TILT[29]), local groups and individuals have joined SI.

The latter include senators Francesco Campanella and Fabrizio Bocchino, Sergio Cofferati MEP, Franco Bartolomei (former member of the Italian Socialist Party, PSI and leader of "Socialist Risorgimento"), Remo Bodei, Luca Casarini, Luciana Castellina, Claudio Fava, Roberto Musacchio, Andrea Ranieri, Giuliana Sgrena, Aldo Tortorella, and Lanfranco Turci (most recently leader of the Association for the Rose in the Fist and member of the PSI).[30][31][32]


SI's ideology is a mix of democratic socialism, social democracy and anti-austerity issues.

In his manifesto, D'Attorre wrote that the new party will need to "go beyond the separation between reformists and radicals" and later explained that SI will be Keynesian and opposed to neoliberalism. The coalition's economics adviser is Joseph Stiglitz, a well-known American economist and winner of the Nobel prize in economics, who had already been involved with the Greek Syriza, the Spanish Podemos and the British Labour Party.[33]

Fassina has also proposed a "controlled disintegration of the Eurozone".[34]

Electoral results

Regional Councils

Region Last election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
Liguria 2015 35,593 (#5) 6.6
2 / 31




  1. Una nuova sinistra, non una "cosa rossa"
  2. Sinistra Italiana spaventa Renzi. Migliaia di iscritti lasciano il Pd
  3. Fassina dice addio al Pd: "Non ci sono le condizioni per continuare"
  4. Fassina, addio al Pd: "Nuovo soggetto politico con Civati e Cofferati"
  5. Corradino Mineo lascia il gruppo Pd: "Contro di me inaccettabile processo sommario"
  6. D'Attorre, Galli e Folino lasciano il Pd: "Non c'è più dialettica nel partito"
  7. Pd: i deputati Galli, Folino e D’Attorre lasciano il partito. “Ora gruppo con Sel, ma non chiamateci ‘Cosa rossa'”
  8. Alfredo D'Attorre, ritratto del mite "secchione" travolto dal turborenzismo
  9. Alfredo D'Attorre esce dal Pd. Il documento scritto con Fassina e gli altri: "Con Renzi il partito trasformato nel suo ufficio stampa"
  10. Nasce 'Sinistra italiana', nuovo gruppo di 31 deputati. Fassina: "Siamo alternativi al liberismo da Happy Days di Renzi"
  11. Si chiamerà "Sinistra italiana": domani Sel e gli ex Pd battezzano il nuovo gruppo 'anti-Renzi'
  12. Cosmopolitica, iniziata la costituente di Sinistra italiana
  13. Per ora è "Sinistra Italiana"
  14. Cosmopolitica, la prima assemblea di Sinistra italiana: "Dal 2 al 4 dicembre il congresso fondativo"
  20. Cosmopolitica, Fratoianni: congresso fondativo il 2/3/4 dicembre. E’ la fine della stagione degli accordi e dei cartelli elettorali
  22. “Darum sage ich nein”
  23. Il nuovo soggetto cosmopolitico
  24. Lavoro&Politica n.07-2016/02/19
  25. Il 17 Aprile anche Leo voterebbe SI...
  26. Sinistra Veneta ha condiviso un link.
  27. La pagina del Socialista Siciliano ha condiviso un link.
  29. Mapi Pizzolante a Cosmopolitica
  33. Sinistra:tra i consulenti anche Stiglitz
  34. European 'alliance of national liberation fronts' emerges to avenge Greek defeat

External links

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