Irish general election, 1954
|Percentage of seats gained by each of the five biggest parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.|
The general election of 1954 was caused by the loss of an overall majority for the ruling Fianna Fáil party in the Dáil. Rather than be voted down on a vote in the Dáil, Éamon de Valera decided to call a general election and let the people decide.
Fianna Fáil had the most to lose, their campaign concentrated on providing political stability for the next five years. They also put forward strong arguments against coalition governments. However, this would not suffice when the country's economy was worsening and unemployment and emigration were increasing.
On the other hand, the opposition parties of Fine Gael, the Labour Party and the other minor parties offered the electorate an alternative to three years of Fianna Fáil rule. While they could not solve the economic problems facing the country, they could provide fresh ideas.
|Party||Leader||Seats||±|| % of
| First Pref
|Fianna Fáil||Éamon de Valera||65||–4||44.2||578,960||43.4||–2.9|
|Fine Gael||Richard Mulcahy||50||+10||34.0||427,031||32.0||+6.2|
|Labour Party||William Norton||19||+2||12.9||161,034||12.1||+0.7|
|Clann na Talmhan||Joseph Blowick||5||–1||3.4||51,069||3.8||+0.9|
|Clann na Poblachta||Seán MacBride||3||+1||2.0||41,249||3.1||–1.0|
|Sinn Féin||Margaret Buckley||0||New||0||1,990||0.1||–|
|Irish Workers League||Michael O'Riordan||0||0||0||375||0.0||0.0|
- Second Inter-Party Government which consisted of Fine Gael, the Labour Party and Clann na Talmhan was formed.
First time TDs
- Patrick Boland (Retired)
- Patrick Browne (Lost seat)
- Patrick Cawley (Lost seat)
- Peadar Duignan (Retired)
- Michael ffrench-O'Carroll (Lost seat)
- Patrick Little (Retired)
- Patrick Maguire (Retired)
- Patrick O'Gorman (Lost seat)
- Matthew O'Reilly (Lost seat)
- James Reidy (Lost seat)
- P. J. Ruttledge (Deceased)
- Laurence Walsh (Lost seat)