"Iri" redirects here. For acronyms, see IRI (disambiguation). For the villages in Iran, see Iri, Iran.
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
  Revised Romanization Iksan-si
  McCune-Reischauer Iksan-si

Main road in Yeongdeung-dong Iksan


Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 35°56′38″N 126°57′16″E / 35.94389°N 126.95444°E / 35.94389; 126.95444
Country  South Korea
Region Honam
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 14 myeon, 12 dong
  Total 507.07 km2 (195.78 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
  Total 302,310
  Density 600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
  Dialect Jeolla

Iksan (Korean: 익산) is a city and major railway junction in North Jeolla Province, (commonly transliterated as Jeollabuk-do or Chollabuk-do) South Korea.

The city center and railway junction was formerly called "Iri" (Hangul: 이리시; Hanja: 裡里市; RR: Iri-si), but merged with Iksan County (Iksan-gun) in 1995.

The railway junction is located at the point where Jeolla, Janghang Line and Gunsan Lines meet the Honam Line and is served by frequent train service to/from Seoul, Daejeon, Gwangju, Mokpo, Jeonju, Suncheon, and Yeosu.

Jeonbuk National University Iksan campus (before, it was Iksan National College), the Won Buddhism Graduate School, Wonkwang Health Science College, and Wonkwang University are all located in Iksan.

This city is called “The City of Jewelry." The Iksan Jewelry Museum opened in May 2002 next to a Dinosaur museum.

In late November 2006, Korean authorities quarantined a farm in Iksan and began culling poultry and livestock within a 3-kilometer radius to contain an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus.[2]

Local tradition includes the story of Seodong and Seonhwa, which was broadcast in 2005~2006 as "Sedongyo" and is also dramatized in the 'Paradise in Autumn Festival.'

Festivals with various themes are held in Iksan, all reflecting local history and culture. These include:


Iksan was once the capital of the ancient Baekje Kingdom. Temples built then are still standing. Iksan has always been an important transport center. After the "Iri train station explosion," Iksan fell into a state of decline. However, Iksan's train station was later rebuilt, and it became the junction of three rail lines named above. It now services KTX and Saemaul trains as well as frequent bus lines. Today, Iksan is once again a thriving city.


Iksan is situated on the Okgu and Keumman Plains, which lead to the West Sea [Yellow Sea]. As it is located very near the sea where ships can transport a wide variety of products, Iksan has served as a logistical and traffic center for a long time.[3]

The city is in the northwestern part of Jeollabuk-do. East are the rugged mountains of Mt. Cheonho and Mt. Mireuk (Mireuksan (Jeollabuk-do)) at the edge of the Noryeong Mountains, and northwest the range of Mt. Hamra lead to a series of hills and a great stream that has formed the fertile Okgu plain to the west. Iksan borders Nonsan-gun and Buyeo-gun, Chuncheongnam-do, and is divided by the Keum-gang[river] in the north. It faces the Kimje Plains, divided by Mankyeong-gang, to the south.


The Iksan Bus Terminal (익산종합버스터미널) provides daily bus service to most cities in South Korea. Express buses to Seoul, Ansan, and Incheon are available.





Sister cities

Notable people

See also


  1. http://www.iksan.go.kr/02en/about/facts/
  2. http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/Engnews/20061126/620000000020061126120016E6.html
  3. http://www.iksan.go.kr/02en/ Iksan Official English Website
  4. "Jewelry Museum".
  5. "mireuksaji Mesuem".
  6. "Wanggung-Ri Relics Museum English page".
  7. "익산시, 2018년 전국체전 개최지로, Iksan hosting a national athletic meet in 2008". Munhwa ilbo. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
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Coordinates: 35°56′38″N 126°57′16″E / 35.9438888989°N 126.954444454°E / 35.9438888989; 126.954444454

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