Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria of Portugal

Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria
Marchioness of Loulé
Countess of Vale de Reis
Born (1806-10-23)23 October 1806
Died 22 June 1857(1857-06-22) (aged 50)
Spouse Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Marquess of Loulé
Issue Ana Carlota de Sousa Coutinho, Countess of Linhares
Maria do Carmo de Figueiredo Cabral da Câmara, Countess of Belmonte
Pedro de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 2nd Duke of Loulé
Maria Amália de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto
Augusto Pedro de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 3rd Count of Azambuja
Full name
Ana de Jesus Maria Luís Gonzaga Joaquina Micaela Rafaela Francisca Xavier de Paula
House Braganza
Father John VI of Portugal
Mother Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism

Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria of Portugal (Mafra, 23 October 1806 Rome, 22 June 1857) was a Portuguese infanta and youngest daughter of King John VI and his wife, Carlota Joaquina of Spain.


Portrait of Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria of Braganza; Nicolas Antoine Taunay.

On 5 December 1827, she married Dom Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto, then Marquis of Loulé and Count de Vale de Reis, future Duke of Loulé. Subsequently, he served several times as prime minister of Portugal). The wedding was celebrated in a private ceremony in the chapel of the Royal Ajuda Palace and was a scandal at the time. Although Loulé was a nobleman and remote descendant of Portugal's royal dynasty, Dona Ana de Jesus was the first infanta of Portugal since the Middle Ages to marry a man who was not of royal rank.

The reasons for the marriage were probably not political, considering the couple's first child was born on 27 December 1827, twenty-two days after the ceremony. The marriage had not been approved by D. Ana's father, King John VI, prior to his death (strictly, Portuguese law at the time only stated that the marriage of the heiress presumptive required the sovereign's consent, a position D. Ana never held). Nor were either of her brothers present in the country at the time of the wedding (both claimed the kingship from abroad).

The designated regent of the kingdom was D. Ana's elder sister, Infanta Isabel Maria of Portugal, who was present in Lisbon. The marriage was not an elopement, as the royal family was aware of the couple's intention to marry and D. Ana's mother facilitated rather than sought to prevent the marriage before her daughter gave birth.

With the restoration of absolutism in Portugal in 1831 the couple was exiled and began extended travel through Europe. They had several other children abroad. The marriage ended with a de facto separation in 1835. The infanta died before her husband was created a duke.

D. Ana's heir, and the head of the Loulé ducal line is her great-great-great-grandson D. Pedro Folque de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 6th Duke of Loulé. He is considered by some to be the rightful pretender to the defunct Portuguese throne by virtue of his ancestors' uninterrupted domicile on Portuguese soil.


Nuno da Câmara Pereira, a famous fado singer, belongs to the Partido Popular Monárquico (PPM) in the Assembly of the Republic and descends from D. Ana. He promotes restoration of the monarchy under his branch of the Loulé family, despite the fact that his lineage from the infanta is both less senior than that of his cousin the duke, and is through an illegitimate line. PPM, however, has inclined toward the Duke of Loulé as its candidate for the throne.

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