Indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East

The Indigenous small numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East (Russian: коренные малочисленные народы Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока) are indigenous peoples of Russia with each less than 50,000 members, living in the Russian Far North and officially equivalent territories located in the European North of Russia, Siberia.[1] They are frequently referred as indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North or even indigenous peoples of the North.


Today, 40 indigenous peoples are officially recognised as indigenous small-numbered peoples by way of inclusion into the unified register of indigenous small-numbered peoples (единый перечень коренных, малочисленных народов Российкой Федерации). This register includes 46 indigenous peoples (which implies being less than 2.3 million people). Six of these peoples do not live in either the Extreme North or territories equated to it, so that the total number of recognised indigenous peoples of the North is 40.[2] In addition the Komi-Izhemtsy or Izvatas, a subgroup of the Komi peoples are currently seeking recognition as a distinct indigenous people of the North.

The Far North is the part of Russia which lies mainly beyond the Arctic Circle. However, they make up the smaller part of the actual territories inhabited by the indigenous peoples, which extend southwards as far as to Vladivostok.

List of indigenous peoples of the North

The Unified register lists the following peoples:

See also


  1. (Russian)
  2. Official is attached to: Decree of the Russian Government Nr 255 "On the Unified Register of Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the Russian Federation", 24 March 2000 (Постановление Правительства РФ от 24 марта 2000 г. N 255 "О Едином перечне коренных малочисленных народов Российской Федерации (Russian))
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