Ida of Formbach-Ratelnberg
|Ida of Formbach-Ratelnberg|
Ida depicted on the family tree (Genealogy of the Babenberg Ladies)
|Spouse(s)||Leopold II of Austria|
Leopold III, Margrave of Austria
Ida of Austria
|Noble family||House of Babenberg|
|Father||Rapoto IV of Cham|
She was the daughter of Rapoto IV of Cham and Mathilde. She is also known as Itha. She married Leopold II of Austria and bore him a son, Leopold III, and daughter called Ida, spoused to Luitpold, Duke of Moravia. She was known as one of the great beauties of her day.
In 1101, Ida, alongside Thiemo of Salzburg and the dukes Welf IV of Bavaria and William IX of Bavaria, joined the Crusade of 1101, and raised and led her own army toward Jerusalem.
In September of that year, she and her army were among those ambushed at Heraclea Cybistra by the sultan Kilij Arslan I. Ekkehard of Aura reports that Ida was killed in the fighting, but rumors persisted that she survived, and was carried off to a harem. Later legends claimed that she was the mother of the Muslim hero Zengi, but this is impossible on chronological grounds.
Ida's fate is depicted in Beloved Pilgrim by Nan Hawthorne (2011).
|Family tree of Ida|
- Historia Welforum Weingartensis
- Runciman, Steven. History of the Crusades, Vol. II
- Lechner Karl. Die Babenberger. Markgrafen und Herzoge von Österreich 976–1246, Böhlau Verlag Wien-Köln-Weimar 1992.