Ibero-America (Spanish: Iberoamérica, Portuguese: Ibero-América) or Iberian America is a region in the Americas comprising countries or territories where Spanish or Portuguese are predominant languages, usually former territories of Portugal or Spain. Portugal and Spain are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Spanish-speaking Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa,[1][2] but not the Portuguese-speaking African countries.

The prefix Ibero- and the adjective Iberian refer to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, which includes Portugal and Spain. Ibero-America includes all Spanish-speaking countries in North, Central, and South America, plus the Portuguese-speaking country of Brazil. Ibero-America is differentiated from Latin America by the exclusion of the French-speaking country of Haiti, the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the French collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.

Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations has organized a yearly Ibero-American Summit meeting of the heads of state and governments of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain, Portugal and Andorra.[3][4]

Countries and population in Europe and the Americas

Argentina Argentina 42,669,500
Bolivia Bolivia 10,556,102
Chile Chile 17,772,871
Colombia Colombia 47,425,437
Costa Rica Costa Rica 4,586,353
Cuba Cuba 11,167,325
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 9,445,281
Ecuador Ecuador 15,223,680
El Salvador El Salvador 6,134,000
Guatemala Guatemala 15,806,675
Honduras Honduras 8,249,574
Mexico Mexico 118,395,054
Nicaragua Nicaragua 6,071,045
Panama Panama 3,608,431
Paraguay Paraguay 6,800,284
Peru Peru 30,814,175
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 3,667,084
Spain Spain 46,704,314
Uruguay Uruguay 3,324,460
Venezuela Venezuela 28,946,101
Brazil Brazil 201,032,714
Portugal Portugal 10,487,289

See also


  1. Presentación, Acerca de la OEI, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  2. Países, Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  3. Ibero-American Summit, Foreign Office, Republic of Brazil. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  4. pp. 312313, Spain: Democracy Regained, Ergasto Ramón Arango, Spain: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-2915-9.
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