For the Slovakian wine grape, see Hron (grape).
This article is about the River Hron. For the Rector of Prag-Suchdol, see Jan Hron.
The Hron near Starý Tekov
Country Slovakia
Regions Banská Bystrica, Nitra
 - left Slatina
Source Hron
 - location Kráľova hoľa near Telgárt, Low Tatras, Banská Bystrica Region
 - elevation 980 m (3,215 ft)
Mouth Danube River
 - location Kamenica nad Hronom, Nitra Region
 - elevation 112 m (367 ft)
Length 298 km (185 mi)
Basin 5,453 km2 (2,105 sq mi)
 - average 53.7 m3/s (1,896 cu ft/s)
 - max 1,050 m3/s (37,080 cu ft/s)
 - min 7.6 m3/s (268 cu ft/s)
Progression DanubeBlack Sea

The Hron (Slovak: Hron, German: Gran, Hungarian: Garam, Latin: Granus) is a 298-kilometre (185 mi) long left tributary of the Danube and the second-longest river in Slovakia. It flows from its source in the Low Tatra Mountains (below Kráľova hoľa) through central and southern Slovakia, emptying into the Danube near Štúrovo and Esztergom. Major cities and towns on the Hron are Brezno, Banská Bystrica, Sliač, Zvolen, Žiar nad Hronom, Žarnovica, Nová Baňa, Tlmače, Levice, Želiezovce, and Štúrovo.

The river's basin covers approximately 11 percent of Slovakia's territory.


The name is probably of Germanic origin; *Granahua: gran – spruce, ahua – water.[1]


The name of the river was mentioned for the first time in 170, when Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote his Meditations at the Hron (Latin: Granus) river.[2] The first recorded medieval name was Gron (1075).[2] From the 17th century until the 1930s, the river was used for wood transport.


  1. Krško, Jaromír (2008). Hydronymia povodia Hrona (in Slovak). Banská Bystrica: Univerzita Mateja Bela. p. 81. ISBN 978-80-8083-611-5.
  2. 1 2 Krško, Jaromír (June 2003). "Názvy potokov v Banskej Bystrici a okolí". Bystrický Permon. 1 (2): 8.
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Coordinates: 47°49′N 18°45′E / 47.817°N 18.750°E / 47.817; 18.750

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