House of Silva

The House of Silva [English pron.: /ˈSill-vah'/] is an aristocratic family of Spanish and Portuguese origin.

Family name
Region of origin Portugal , Spain
Related names House of Alba , House of Savoy

Juan de Mena's work of the first half of the 15th century was giving families their ancestral monarchy and royal power to link them to the glorious past. Juan de Mena indicated that the Silva were "very noble Royals and noblemen of high rank" with some writings claiming for them descent from the mythical Latin kings of Alba Longa (and hence from Aeneas of Troy). He adds the claim that a member of the family fought with Pelagius of Asturias.[1] Luis de Salazar y Castro repeated these and other similar traditions of ancient Italian origin in his Historia genealógica de la Casa de Silva, published in 1685, as well as other equally unfounded derivation from the royal house of Silva and Asturias.[2]

In Portugal, one branch of the family came to hold Vagos, Tentugal and Boarceos. One of this line, Diego Gomes de Silva, was appointed alfarez mayor in 1416.[3] Of his line came Ruy Gómez de Silva, one of the nobles of the court of Philip II of Spain, making Ruy Silva the Prince of Éboli, Duke of Pastrana, Duke of Estremera, and Count of Melito.

A branch of the family became established in the Castile after Arias Gomes de Silva, was named Prince of Córdoba. His son Alfonso Tenorio Silva intermarried with the city gentry to establish his family as one of the most powerful in the city as well as serving in the courts of successive Trastámara monarchs.[4] His son Juan Silva was made count of Cifuentes, while younger branches of the Silva family were lords of Montemayor and Corral.

Ruy Gómez de Silva was the son of Francisco de Silva, 10th Duke of Huéscar and María de Noronha, lords of Ulme y de Chamusca, where Ruy was born in 1516. In 1526, Ruy moved with his grandfather to Castilla due to Isabella of Portugal. In 1552, Ruy became engaged to 12-year-old Ana de Mendoza de la Cerda, daughter of Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, 1st Duke of Francavilla, as per suggestion and request by Gomes II. The formal wedding promise took place on 18 April 1553.

Ruy Gómez de Silva and Ana de Mendoza de la Cerda had ten children:

Duchess of Medina Sidonia (1560–1610)

2nd Duke of Pastrana, 2nd Marquis of Salinas, Duke of Híjar due to his marriage with Isabel Fernández de Ixar (5th Duchess of Híjar), son of the Prince and Princess of Éboli.

María de Silva and Mendoza ended up marrying the Duke of Medina Sidonia.

Previously, Ruy Gómez de Silva and the Silva family had sold the land of Éboli in order to acquire La Alcarria which was considerably closer to Madrid. He first bought the villas; Estremera y Valdeacerete, followed by the villa Pastrana (1569). In 1572, Ruy Gómez de Silva was given the title of Grandee of Spain [Grandeza de España], in addition to gaining heritage of Chamusca and Ulme in Portugal due to his brother's death.

Royal Branches

Succession via female branch:

Silva Descendants


16. José Rafael de Silva, XII Duke of Híjar
8. Andrés de Silva, XIII Duke of Aliaga
17. Juana Nepomucema Fernández de Córdoba, VIII Countess of Salvatierra
4. Alfonso de Silva, XV Duke of Híjar
18. William Thompson Campbell
9. María Isabel Campbell
19. Anne Mary Vincent
2. Alfonso de Silva, XVI Duke of Híjar
20. Luis Fernández de Córdoba, XV Duke of Medinaceli
10. Luis Fernández de Córdoba, XVI Duke of Medinaceli
21. María de la Concepción Ponce de León y Carvajal
5. María del Dulce Nombre Fernández de Córdoba y Pérez de Barradas
22. Fernando Pérez de Barradas, IX Marquis of Peñaflor
11. Ángela Pérez de Barradas, I Duquesa of Denia and Tarifa
23. María del Rosario Bernuy y Aguayo
1. María del Rosario de Silva, IX Marquess of San Vicente del Barco
24. Baltasar Gurtubay y Ochandiano
12. Simón Gurtubay y Zubero
25. María Antonia Zubero y Echevarría
6. Juan Cruz Gurtubay y Meaza
26. Pedro Antonio Meaza y Zulueta
13. Rosalía Meaza y Basterra
27. María Antonia Basterra y Bárbara
3. María del Rosario Gurtubay y González de Castejón, Dame of the Queen Victoria Eugenia
28. Ildefonso María González de Castejón, IV Marquis of Fuerte Gollano
14. Luis González de Castejon y Gil-Delgado
29. María Basilia Gil-Delgado y Ocio
7. Adelaida González de Castejón y Torre
30. Vicente Torre de Lequerica
15. Adelaida Torre de Lequerica y Uríbarri
31. Mónica Uríbarri


Dukes of Híjar

Titular Periodo
Creación por Fernando "El Católico"
I Juan Fernández de Híjar y Cabrera 1483-1493
II Luis Fernández de Híjar y Beaumont1493-1517
III Juan Francisco Fernández de Híjar1599-1614
IV Isabel Margarita Fernández de Híjar y Castro-Pinós1614-1642
V Jaime Francisco Sarmiento de Silva 1642-1700
VI Juana Petronila Silva y Aragón1700-1710
VIIIsidro Francisco Fernández Silva de Híjar y Portugal1710-1749
VIIIJoaquín Diego Silva y Moncada1749-1758
IX Pedro de Alcántara Fernández de Híjar y Abarca de Bolea1758-1808
XAgustín Pedro Silva y Palafox1808-1817
XI Francisca Javiera Silva y Fitz-James Stuart1817-1818
XII José Rafael Silva Fernández de Híjar y Portugal 1818-1863
XIII Cayetano Silva y Fernández de Córdoba1863-1865
XIVAgustín Silva y Bernu1865-1872
XVAlfonso Silva y Campbell1872-1929
XVIAlfonso Silva y Fernández de Córdoba1929-1956
XVIIMaría del Rosario Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva1956-2013
XVIIIAlfonso Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart2013-Actual holder of the Title

Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva had 2 children. One of them, Alfonso Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart y Silva, 16th Duke of Aliaga, 19th duke of Hijar (born 22 October 1950, Madrid), married Princess María de la Santísima Trinidad of Hohenlohe-Langenburg on July 4, 1977, who he later divorced.


Family resides in the Ducal Palace of Pastrana, where Ruy Gómez de Silva, the first Prince of Éboli resided.

List of Princes Royal

Name Lifespan Tenure Notes Parents Image Heir To
João 13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826 16 December 1815 – 20 March 1816 Later:
King João VI of Portugal and the Algarves
Maria I of Portugal
Pedro III of Portugal
Maria I of Portugal
Pedro 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834 20 March 1816 – 10 March 1826 Later:
King Pedro IV of Portugal and the Algarves
João VI of Portugal
Carlota Joaquina of Spain
João VI of Portugal
Pedro 16 September 1837 – 11 November 1861 16 September 1837 – 15 November 1853 Later:
King Pedro V of Portugal and the Algarves
Maria II of Portugal
Fernando II of Portugal
Maria II of Portugal
Carlos 28 September 1863 – 1 February 1908 28 September 1863 – 19 October 1889 Later:
King Carlos I of Portugal and the Algarves
Luís I of Portugal
Maria Pia of Savoy
Luís I of Portugal
Luís Filipe 21 March 1887 – 1 February 1908 19 October 1889 – 1 February 1908 Premature death Carlos I of Portugal
Amélie of Orléans
Carlos I of Portugal
Afonso 31 July 1865 – 21 February 1920 1 February 1908 – 5 October 1910 Luís I of Portugal
Maria Pia of Savoy
Manuel II of Portugal

See also


  1. Robert Folger, «Generations y Semblanzas»: Memory and Genealogy in Medieval Iberian Historiography, Gunter Narr Varlag Tübingen, 2003, pp. 221-222.
  2. Luis de Salazar y Castro, Historia genealogica de la Casa de Silva, Malchor Alvarez y Mateo, Madrid, 1685, vol. 1, chapters 7,8.
  3. James M. Boyden, The Courtier and the King: Ruy Gómez de Silva, Philip II, and the Court of Spain, University of California Press, 1995, p. 8-9
  4. Candelaria, Lorenzo (2008). The Rosary Cantoral: ritual and social design in a chantbook from early Renaissance Toledo. University Rochester Press. pp. 24–. ISBN 9781580462051. Retrieved 14 May 2013.

Boyden, James M. (1995). The Courtier and the King: Ruy Gómez de Silva, Phillip II, and the Court of Spain. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-08622-8 ISBN 978-0520086227

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