Houmān (Persian: هومان) is one of the most famous Turanian heroes in Shahnameh, the national epic of Greater Iran. Houmān is famous for his bravery, loyalty, and chivalry, such that even Iranians who are longtime enemies of Turanians admire his personalty. He is a descendant of Tur, a son of Viseh and brother of Piran. Houmān is the highest ranking Turanian commander and after Piran, he is the second leading member of Viseh clan. Houman first appears in the story of Rostam and Sohrab, where Afrasiab sends him with an army of 12,000 men to accompany Sohrab in his journey to Iran. He has been instructed by Afrasiab to not let Sohrab recognize his father, Rostam, so that they fight together and one of them kill the other. Rostam on the deathbed of Sohrab, agreed to promise that he would not hurt Houmān and his army.
Houmān did not take part in the story of Siyâvash and he was not present there when Afrasiab ordered to kill Siyâvash. However he fights with Iranian army in the subsequent wars between Iran and Turan.
Beside Shahnameh, he has been also mentioned in other sources such as Jahāngirnāmeh and Tabari. Tabari mentions his name as "Khomān".
- Shahbazi, A. Shapur. "HŌMĀN". ENCYCLOPÆDIA IRANICA. Retrieved 6 March 2016.