Hmar language

Pronunciation [m̥a]
Native to India
Region Mizoram, Manipur, and Assam
Ethnicity Hmar
Native speakers
100,000 (2011 census)[1]
Dialects (none)
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Assam, Manipur and Mizoram
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hmr
Glottolog hmar1241[2]
Hmar language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator

The Hmar language belongs to the Sinlung (Zo People) branch of the Tibeto-Burman family of languages. The speakers of the language are also known as Hmar. According to the official 2011 Census of India, there are 100000 Hmar speakers in Assam.

Hmar is a recognised language in the School curriculum of Assam, Manipur and Mizoram, and also recently recognised as one of the Modern Indian Languages (MIL) at Manipur University. Board of Secondary Education, Assam has also included Hmar as an MIL in its matriculation syllabus from 2005. Both Manipur University and Assam University, Silchar has also permitted HMAR LANGUAGE to be studied as Modern Indian Language in the Graduation level.

Geographical distribution

Hmar is spoken in the following locations (Ethnologue).

Although Hmar speakers are scattered over a vast area in Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Chittagong Hill tracts, and NC Hills and Cachar districts of Assam state, India, there doesn't appear to be any dialectal distinction. There is no homogeneous settlement of Hmar speakers alone. In Manipur, Hmar exhibits partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area including Thadou, Paite, Vaiphei, Simte, Kom and Gangte languages.[3]


  1. Distribution of the 100 non-scheduled languages
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Hmar". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Singh, Chungkham Yashawanta (1995). "The linguistic situation in Manipur" (PDF). Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area. 18 (1): 129–134. Retrieved 19 June 2014.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/31/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.