View from Market Square in Hitchin, with St Mary's Church in the background
Hitchin shown within Hertfordshire
|OS grid reference||TL181292|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||SG4, SG5|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|UK Parliament||Hitchin and Harpenden|
Hitchin is first noted as the central place of the Hicce people mentioned in a 7th-century document, the Tribal Hidage. The tribal name is Brittonic rather than Old English and derives from *siccā, meaning 'dry', which is perhaps a reference to the local stream, the Hiz. It has been suggested that Hitchin was the location of 'Clofeshoh', the place chosen in 673 by Theodore of Tarsus the Archbishop of Canterbury during the Synod of Hertford, the first meeting of representatives of the fledgling Christian churches of Anglo-Saxon England, to hold annual synods of the churches as Theodore attempted to consolidate and centralise Christianity in England. By 1086 Hitchin is described as a Royal Manor in the Domesday Book: the feudal services of Avera and Inward, usually found in the eastern counties, especially Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire, were due from the sokemen, but the manor of Hitchin was unique in levying Inward. Evidence has been found to suggest that the town was once provided with an earthen bank and ditch fortification, probably in the early tenth century but this did not last. The modern spelling 'Hitchin' first appears in 1618 in the "Hertfordshire Feet of Fines".
The name of the town also is associated with the small river that runs through the town, most picturesquely in front of the east end of St. Mary's Church, the town's parish church. The river is noted on maps as the River Hiz. Contrary to how most people now pronounce the name, that is to say phonetically, the 'z' was an abbreviated character for a 'tch' sound, as in the name of the town. It would have been pronounced 'River Hitch'.
Hitchin is notable for St. Mary's Church, which is remarkably large for a town of its size. The size of the church is evidence of how Hitchin prospered from the wool trade. It is the largest parish church in Hertfordshire. Most of the church dates from the 15th century, with its tower dating from around 1190. During the laying of a new floor in the church in 1911, foundations of a more ancient church building were found. In form, they appear to be a basilican church of a 7th-century type, with a later enlarged chancel and transepts, perhaps added in the 10th century. This makes the church older than the story (not recorded before the 15th century) that the church was founded by Offa, king of Mercia 757-796.
In 1697, Hitchin (and the nearby village of Offley) were subject to what is thought to have been the most severe hailstorm in recorded British history. Hailstones over 4 inches in diameter were reported
The town flourished on the wool trade, and located near the Icknield Way and by the 17th century Hitchin was a staging post for coaches coming from London. By the middle of the 19th century the railway had arrived, and with it a new way of life for Hitchin. The corn exchange was built in the market place and within a short time Hitchin established itself as a major centre for grain trading.
The latter half of the 20th century has also brought great changes in communication to Hitchin. Motorways have shortened the journey time and brought Luton, a few miles away on the M1, and the A1 (M) even closer. By the close of the 20th century, Hitchin had become a satellite dormitory town for London. Hitchin also developed a fairly strong Sikh community based around the Walsworth area.
During the medieval period, both a priory (Newbigging, now known as The Biggin) and a friary (now known as Hitchin Priory) were established, both of which closed during Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries. They were never reformed, although The Biggin was for many years used as almshouses.
Girton College—a pioneer in women's education—was established on 16 October 1869 under the name of College for Women at Benslow House in Hitchin, which was considered to be a convenient distance from Cambridge and London. It was thought to be less 'risky' and less controversial to locate the college away from Cambridge in the beginning. The college moved to Cambridge a few years later and adopted its present name, Girton College.
Hitchin is in the local government district of North Hertfordshire which was formed in 1974 by the amalgamation of rural and urban councils. There is now no town council in Hitchin. Residents elect 13 members to the North Hertfordshire District Council. There are five electoral wards in Hitchin: Bearton, Highbury, Oughton, Priory and Walsworth.
It is within the Hitchin and Harpenden constituency for representation in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. In the 2010 general election, Peter Lilley of the Conservative Party was elected. Between 1983 and 1997 Hitchin was included in the North Hertfordshire constituency. Before that it was in the Hitchin constituency.
Hitchin is within the East of England constituency of the European Parliament which currently elects 7 MEPs. Prior to 1999 and the adoption of proportional representation, Hitchin was in the Hertfordshire constituency.
Hitchin railway station is on the Great Northern Line, to which the Cambridge Line connects just north of the station. There are direct connections to London, Stevenage, Peterborough, and Cambridge. Journeys to London and Cambridge both last approximately 30 minutes on the Express services. Stevenage is 5 minutes away and Peterborough is typically 45 minutes distance in journey-time.
There are several primary schools in Hitchin. Secondary education is provided at Hitchin Girls' School, Hitchin Boys' School and the Priory School. There is a campus of the North Hertfordshire College in Hitchin, and it is also the home of the Benslow Music Trust which provides music education for adults.
Hitchin Museum and Art Gallery (currently closed until relocation in 2014) has an extensive collection that tells the story of the town's social history and of the rural industries that contributed to its prosperity. The British Schools Museum is housed in original Edwardian and Victorian school buildings.
Culture and community
In March 2013 a poll in The Times voted Hitchin the 9th best town in the UK in which to live. Hitchin is the venue for the annual Rhythms of the World festival. Now in its twentieth year, over 140 acts performed in 2011, with acts from India, Cuba, Australia, Congo, China, Senegal, Singapore and Germany taking part. Once the largest free festival of world music in Europe, an entry fee has been charged since 2008. It is part of the three-week Hitchin Festival which includes picnics, concerts, theatre, ghost walks, art exhibitions, comedy club, summer fetes and fireworks.
The main burial ground for the town is Hitchin Cemetery on St. John's Road.
Hitchin is twinned with:
Sport in Hitchin
Hitchin Rugby Club is a non-profit organisation whose mission is to participate in and promote the sport of rugby union at all age levels within the Hitchin area. This includes Mini/ Midi (U7-U12), Youth (U13-U17), Colts (U19), Seniors (19+), Vets (35+) and Ladies. Hitchin RFC has a 50+ year relationship with the town of Hitchin, having been founded in 1954. See the history section for more. Highlights have included playing at Twickenham in the final of the national Junior RFU Cup in 1993 and the establishment of the country's first Academy. Currently their membership stands at over 500 people, including active and associate members. They have a community development programme and a Mini & Junior Section. Hitchin RFC runs 4 adult men's teams, 1 adult women's team, and mini and youth rugby teams at all ages.
Hitchin Town F.C. was established in 1865 and later reformed in 1928. It is one of only three clubs who competed in the first ever FA Cup and still do so now. The club is the biggest sporting entity in the town.
It also houses Hitchin Cricket Club, which has been an important cricket club within the area since 1866.
The Hitchin Nomads Cycling Club, which caters for many competitive and non-competitive cycling disciplines was formed in the town in 1931. It is affiliated to British Cycling, the Cyclists' Touring Club, Cycling time trials and local cycling associations. Notable former members include pre-eminent cycling travel writer Harold Briercliffe and Max Pendleton, father of Olympic gold-medallist and track cycling World Champion Victoria Pendleton.
Hitchin Running Club was formed in 2008 and is one of the most popular clubs in the town. They enjoy a large fan base and many local people of all abilities take part in the social aspects due to the diverse range of people that meet. They are based at the rugby club and are a not for profit organisation. They are also linked with other health related companies to help people enjoy a healthier lifestyle.
Districts of Hitchin
Notable people who have lived in Hitchin
- Byron Clyde Stuart, entertainer
- Dorothy Atkinson, actress
- Guillem Balagué, Spanish football journalist
- James Bay, musician
- Tom Bentley, philanthropist
- Henry Bessemer, engineer
- Satvir Bhamra, music manager
- Jennie Bond, journalist
- Sally Bretton, actress
- Harold Briercliffe, cyclist and author
- Drewe Broughton, footballer
- George Chapman, poet
- Oliver Cheshire, fashion model
- Chris Cleaver, footballer
- Mary Angela Dickens, novelist and granddaughter of Charles Dickens
- Monica Dickens, novelist and great granddaughter of Charles Dickens
- Karl Duguid, footballer
- Willie Duncan, musician
- Gail Emms, badminton player
- Ross Flitney, footballer
- Matt Furniss, Opta UK Editor
- Mathew Gates, figure skater
- Martin Gordon, musician
- F.L. Griggs, etcher
- Henry Hawkins, 1st Baron Brampton, judge
- Paul Jesson, actor
- Roy Kettle, author
- Thea King, clarinettist
- Dave Kitson, footballer
- Kane Kramer, inventor of the digital audio player
- Frank Launder, film director
- Joseph Lister, pioneer of antiseptic surgery
- John Lloyd, co-founder of the international design consultancy Lloyd Northover.
- Gavin McInnes, writer
- Sally Mules, journalist and presenter
- Elaine Murray, Scottish politician
- Robert Newman, comedian
- David Noble, footballer
- Arvind Parmar, tennis player
- Kevin Phillips, footballer
- Kevin Pilkington, footballer
- Ian Poulter, golfer
- Michael Robbins, actor
- Robert Tor Russell, architect of New Delhi
- Martin Savage, actor
- Steve Sheppard, B.B.C. Cricket and football commentator and owner of One World Music www.oneworldmusic.co.uk
- Valerie Singleton, TV presenter
- Richard Walker, angler
- Diana Wallis, politician (MEP)
- Kristiina Wheeler, an English-Finnish singer
- Richard Whitmore, former newsreader
- Sir Frank Whittle, inventor of the jet engine
- Jack Wilshere, footballer
- Henry Wood, conductor
- Second Lieutenant Frank Young VC, recipient of the Victoria Cross.
- Gary Younge, journalist
- The Bleach Boys, Punk Band dating from 1976
Part of the 2010 BBC TV series Just William was filmed at the British Schools Museum.
Scenes from the BBC drama series Doctor Foster were filmed in Hitchin
In 1960 Hitchin Urban District Council was the first in Britain to introduce 'black bags' for refuse collection.
Elizabeth the Queen Mother's birth in 1900 was registered at Hitchin, which is a few miles from her parent's English country house, St Paul's Walden Bury, where she spent much of her childhood.
Actor and comedian Bob Hope "claimed to have inherited his sense of humour from his paternal grandfather from Hitchin".
- Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 census combined population of Hitchin wards, Accessed 27 March 2013
- Gover, J E B, Mawer, A & Stenton, F M 1938 The Place-Names of Hertfordshire English Place-Names Society volume XV, 8
- Hindley, The Anglo-Saxons - The beginnings of the English nation, 47.
- Sir Henry Ellis (1833). A general introduction to Domesday Book: accompanied by indexes of the tenants in chief, and under tenants, at the time of the survey, as wall as of the holders of lands ... Volume 1. Commission on the Public Records. p. 263.
- "Hitchin: Introduction and manors". A History of the County of Hertford. 3. 1912. pp. 3–12. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
- Saunders, G & Winter, M 2009 Brooker's Yard, Hitchin, Hertfordshire: Archaeological Assessment Report The Heritage Network (report 560), 7
- Fitzpatrick-Matthews, K J & Fitzpatrick-Matthews T 2008 The Archaeology of Hitchin from Prehistory to the Present North Hertfordshire District Council Museums & Hitchin Historical Society
- Madgin, Hugh (2009). Hitchin Through Time. Britain & Ireland: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 1848687451.
- Tailor, Robert (May 1697), "Account of a Great Hailstorm", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Great Britain); vol. 19, pp. 577-578
- "Councils and Politics". Hitchin Forum. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- Burge, Laura. "Hitchin Voted 9th Best Town In UK". The Comet 24. Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "In pictures: Rhythms of the World 2011". BBC. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- Burge, Laura. "Hitchin Festival to launch". The Comet 24. Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "Mary Angela "Mekitty" Dickens (1862 - 1948) - Find A Grave Memorial".
- "Russell, Robert Tor in Oxford Art Online". www.oxfordartonline.com. Retrieved 2010-09-06. (requires login or UK library card)
- "Second Lieutenant Frank Edward Young VC". www.bedfordregiment.org.uk. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- Judge, Ann. "The BBC 'Just William' at Hitchin British Schools". Herts Memories. Hertfordshire County Council. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- Bergan, Ronald (July 29, 2003). "Obituary: Bob Hope". London: The Guardian.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hitchin.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hitchin.|
- Hitchin Historical Society
- Hitchin Society
- Hitchin Forum, a non-political organization to maintain and enhance Hitchin's special character.
- Historical Map of Hitchin Pubs, a interactive map of Hitchin public houses both current and closed.