Timeline of international trade

Main article: Trade § History

The history of international trade chronicles notable events that have affected the trade between various countries.

In the era before the rise of the nation state, the term 'international' trade cannot be literally applied, but simply means trade over long distances; the sort of movement in goods which would represent international trade in the modern world.

In the 21st century, the European Union, United States and China are the three largest trading markets in the world.[1]

Chronology of events

The desert Cities in the Negev were linked to the Mediterranean end of the ancient Incense Route.


Roman trade with India according to the Periplus Maris Erythraei, 1st century CE.
The economy of the Kingdom of Qataban (light blue) was based on the cultivation and trade of spices and aromatics including frankincense and myrrh. These were exported to the Mediterranean, India and Abyssinia where they were greatly prized by many cultures, using camels on routes through Arabia, and to India by sea.

Middle Ages

Early modern

This figure illustrates the path of Vasco da Gama heading for the first time to India (black) as well as the trips of Pêro da Covilhã (orange) and Afonso de Paiva (blue). The path common to both is the green line.

Later modern

Monopolistic activity by the company triggered the Boston Tea Party.

Post war

A world map of WTO participation:
  Members, dually represented with the European Union
  Observer, ongoing accession
  Non-member, negotiations pending

See also


  1. The twelve countries are Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
  2. The three EFTA member states are Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The fourth EFTA member, Switzerland, did not joined the EEA, and instead negotiated a series of bilateral agreements with the EU over the next decade which allow it also to participate in the internal market.


  1. "EU position in world trade". European Commission. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
  2. Stearns 2001: 37
  3. Stearns 2001: 41
  4. 1 2 3 Rawlinson 2001: 11–12
  5. Edwards 1969: 330
  6. 1 2 Young 2001: 19
  7. 1 2 Shaw 2003: 426
  8. O'Leary 2001: 72
  9. 1 2 Larsen 1983: 56
  10. Glasse 2001: 59
  11. Crone 2004: 10
  12. Donkin 2003: 59
  13. Colburn 2002: 14
  14. 1 2 Donkin 2003: 91–92
  15. Donkin 2003: 92
  16. Tarling 1999: 10
  17. 1 2 Donkin 2003: 170
  18. 1 2 Donkin 2003: 169
  19. Easterbrook 1988: 75
  20. 1 2 Easterbrook 1988: 127
  21. 1 2 Corn 1999: 217
  22. Corn 1999: 265
  23. 1 2 International Monetary Fund Research Dept. (1997). World Economic Outlook, May 1997: Globalization: Opportunities and Challenges. International Monetary Fund. p. 113. ISBN 9781455278886.
  24. Rushton, A., Oxley, J., Croucher, P. (2004). The Handbook of Logistics and Distribution Management. Kogan Page: London.
  25. Roser, Max; Crespo-Cuaresma, Jesus (2012). "Borders Redrawn: Measuring the Statistical Creation of International Trade". World Economy. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9701.2012.01454.x.


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  • Easterbrook, William Thomas (1988). Canadian Economic History. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-6696-8. 
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External links

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