Hirschel Levin

Rabbi Hart Lyon.

Rabbi Hirschel Ben Arye Löb Levin (also known as Hart Lyon and Hirshel Löbel; 1721 – 26 August 1800) was Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and of Berlin, and Rabbi of Halberstadt and Mannheim, known as a scholarly Talmudist.


He was born in Rzeszów, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth to Aryeh Löb and Miriam Lowenstam. His father was rabbi at Amsterdam and his mother was daughter of Rabbi Chacham Zvi Ashkenazi. He was a descendant of Elijah Ba'al Shem of Chelm.[1]

His glosses on the Talmud appear in the Vilna edition under the name of Rabbi Tsvi Hersh Berlin. His son, Rabbi Solomon Hirschell was also Chief Rabbi of the British German and Polish Jewish community, and the first of the British empire.[2] His other son, Saul Berlin, was a Talmudist and notorious forger of the Besamim Rosh.[3]


  1. Oxford DNB entry Hilary L. Rubinstein, ‘Lyon, Hart (1721–1800)’, first published 2004; online edn, Oct 2006, 852 words, with portrait illustration "Lyon, Hart [Hirsch Lewin or Loebel] (1721–1800), rabbi"
  2. The Jews of Georgian England, 1714–1830 Todd M. Endelman – 1999 "In 1801, when the Ashkenazi synagogues of London were discussing the hiring of a new Chief Rabbi, the privileged members of the Hambro ... Hirschell's father, Hirschel Levin, the former Chief Rabbi in London, was then Rabbi of Berlin."
  3. Adele Berlin, Maxine Grossman – The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion 2011 – Page 123 "BERLIN, SHA'UL BEN TSEVI HIRSCH (1740–1794), German rabbi and Haskalah sympathizer. Son of the chief rabbi of Berlin, Hirschel Levin, he was ordained rabbi at the age of twenty by several distinguished authorities."

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Jewish titles
Preceded by
Aaron Hart
Chief Rabbi of Great Britain
Succeeded by
David Tevele Schiff
Meshullam Solomon
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