Hirofumi Uzawa

Hirofumi Uzawa
Native name 宇沢 弘文
Born (1928-07-21)July 21, 1928
Yonago, Tottori, Japan
Died September 18, 2014(2014-09-18) (aged 86)
Tokyo, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Institution Stanford University
University of California at Berkeley
University of Chicago
University of Tokyo
Chuo University
Doshisha University
Field Mathematical economics
Alma mater University of Tokyo (B.Math, 1951)
Stanford University
Tohoku University (Ph.D., 1962)
David Cass
Harl Ryder
Karl Shell
Miguel Sidrauski
Influences Shokichi Iyanaga
Joichi Suetsuna
Kenneth Arrow
Hajime Kawakami
Influenced George A. Akerlof
Joseph Stiglitz
Katsuhito Iwai
Hiroshi Yoshikawa
Nobuhiro Kiyotaki
Hitoshi Matsushima
Contributions Uzawa two-sector growth model
Uzawa condition
Awards Person of Cultural Merit (1983)
Order of Culture (1997)
Blue Planet Prize (2009)
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Hirofumi Uzawa (宇沢 弘文 Uzawa Hirofumi, July 21, 1928 – September 18, 2014) was a Japanese economist.


Uzawa was born on July 21, 1928, in Yonago, Tottori.

He graduated from the Mathematics Department of the University of Tokyo in 1951; special research student from 1951 to 1953. At that time, he discovered the true nature of economics in the words of John Ruskin, “There is no wealth, but life.” which was quoted in the foreword to Tale of Poverty (貧乏物語 binbō monogatari) by Hajime Kawakami, and decided to study economics.[1]

A paper on decentralized economic planning written by him caught the eye of Kenneth Arrow at the Stanford University, he went to study Economics at Stanford University in 1956 with Fulbright fellowship, and became a research assistant, then assistant professor in 1956, then assistant professor at the University of California, Berkeley in 1960, and then associate professor at Stanford in 1961.[1] Meanwhile, in 1962, he received a Ph.D. from Tohoku University.[2] He afterwards was professor at the University of Chicago in 1964, and later assumed the position of professor of the Department of Economics at Tokyo University in 1969. He also taught at Niigata University, Chuo University, and United Nations University.[3] Incidentally Joseph E. Stiglitz and George A. Akerlof did research under Uzawa at the University of Chicago.[4][1]

Uzawa was a senior fellow at the social, commonness, and capital research center of Doshisha University. He held the position of the president of the Econometric Society from 1976 to 1977.


Uzawa initiated the field of mathematical economics in postwar days and formulated the growth theory of neoclassical economics. This is reflected in the Uzawa–Lucas model, the Uzawa iteration, and the Uzawa condition, among others.



Chapters in books

Selected journal articles

Working Papers


Further reading

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