Herzberg am Harz

Herzberg am Harz

View from the castle

Coat of arms
Herzberg am Harz

Coordinates: 51°39′27″N 10°20′28″E / 51.65750°N 10.34111°E / 51.65750; 10.34111Coordinates: 51°39′27″N 10°20′28″E / 51.65750°N 10.34111°E / 51.65750; 10.34111
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Göttingen
  Mayor Lutz Peters (CDU)
  Total 71.88 km2 (27.75 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
  Total 13,059
  Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 37412
Dialling codes 05521, 05585
Vehicle registration GÖ, OHA
Website www.herzberg.de

Herzberg am Harz is a town in the Göttingen district of Lower Saxony, Germany.


Herzberg is situated on the southwestern rim of the Harz mountain range and the Harz National Park. Natural monuments in the surrounding area include the Unicorn Cave, the Karst Trail, and the Rhume Spring.

The town centre is located on the Sieber river, about 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Göttingen and 90 km (56 mi) southeast of the state capital Hanover. The municipal area comprises the villages of Lonau, Pöhlde, Scharzfeld, and Sieber.


Herzberg Castle

Herzberg Castle in the Duchy of Saxony was first mentioned in a 1143 deed. A hunting lodge at the site was already erected from 1024 to 1029 by King Lothair II. It was seized by the Saxon Welf dynasty in 1144 and in 1158 became a property of Duke Henry the Lion with consent of the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick Barbarossa.

The castle was part of the Grubenhagen estates of the Welf duke Henry I of Brunswick he received in 1291, when he and his brothers divided their heritage. A settlement below the castle was first documented in 1337. The Brunswick rulers of the Grubenhagen principality resided here from 1486 until the line became extinct in 1596. In 1617 Duke George of Brunswick-Lüneburg had his inheritance rights confirmed by Emperor Matthias and again lived at the castle with his wife Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt until in 1636 he moved his residence to the Leineschloss in Hanover.

Herzberg first developed as a centre of cloth and linen manufacturing. In the 18th and 19th century important industries included brewing, the founding and turning of metal, agricultural machinery and boot making as well as arms production for the Hanover forces. Herzberg received town privileges in 1929, when it was part of the Prussian Province of Hanover.

Esperanto city

Herzberg is the location of a club that promotes the international auxiliary language Esperanto, the Interkultura Centro Herzberg (Esperanto for "Intercultural Center of Herzberg"). In 2006, the city council decided to advertise Herzberg as Esperanto-Stadt ("Esperanto city", Esperanto: Esperanto-urbo).[2]


City council

Seats in the city council as of local elections on 11 September 2011:

Twinning cities

Herzberg is twinned with:

Economy and infrastructure

Resident companies


Primary schools:

Secondary Schools: Ernst Moritz Arndt-Gymnasium

Notable people

Sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities who represent the city in connection with

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Herberg am Harz.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Herzberg am Harz.


This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/2/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.