View of Heptonstall across the Hebden Valley
Heptonstall shown within West Yorkshire
|OS grid reference||SD988279|
|– London||175 mi (282 km) SE|
|Metropolitan county||West Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||HEBDEN BRIDGE|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Calder Valley|
Heptonstall is a small village and civil parish within the Calderdale borough of West Yorkshire, England, historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The population of Heptonstall, including the hamlets of Colden and Slack Top, is 1,448, increasing to 1,470 at the 2011 Census. The town of Hebden Bridge lies directly to the south-east. Although Heptonstall is part of Hebden Bridge as a post town, it is not within the Hebden Royd town boundaries.
The village is on the route of the Calderdale Way, a 50-mile (80 km) circular walk around the hills and valleys of Calderdale.
Heptonstall is not mentioned in the Domesday Book, unlike the neighbouring townships of Stansfield and Wadsworth. Its earliest appearance in written record dates to 1253, where John de Warrene claimed free warren there. It initially formed part of the manor of Halifax-cum-Heptonstall, itself subinfeudatory to the manor of Wakefield, and so does not explicitly appear in early taxation records, such as those for the 1379 Poll Tax. In 1626 the manor was spun-off and sold and was extinguished in the late 19th century.
Heptonstall was the site of a battle during the early part of the English Civil War in 1643.
The older churchyard claims "King" David Hartley amongst notable graves there. Hartley was founder of the Cragg Coiners and lived as a rogue in the Calderdale area until he was hanged at Tyburn near York in 1770.
The foundation stone of its octagonal Methodist chapel, the oldest still in continued use, was laid following the visit of John Wesley in 1764.
In the mid-1980s the paving on a road through Heptonstall was removed, revealing the original stone setts. Although there was a plan to remove the setts, local protests convinced the council to restore them. At the same time the existing concrete street lights were replaced with late 19th century cast-iron gas lamps. Both developments acted as a traffic calming measure.
A local park is used for sport and includes a playground for children. Around Heptonstall are walking and cycle routes.
Adjacent to Heptonstall lie the National Trust woodlands of Hardcastle Crags with walking paths and a restored 19th-century mill. Half a mile out of the village is Lumb Bank, the first of the Arvon Foundation's residential centres for writers.
Each year on Good Friday there are performances of the Heptonstall version of the traditional Pace Egg play. These are held in Weavers' Square next to the old graveyard.
The village is a day-trip destination for tourists and walkers, especially in the summer months. The two public houses are the Cross and the White Lion. There is a small post office – the original post office, on Smithwell Lane, is now a residential property. A cafe/delicatessen is situated in Towngate.
The village's oldest house is Stag Cottage (c.1580), which is within a small courtyard called Stag Fold. At the back of the cottage, on the level of a public car park, is a doorway to a dungeon, once used as a lock-up. Nearby there is a pinfold, built to hold livestock, but now a picnic area.
Heptonstall's original church was dedicated to St Thomas a Becket. It was founded c.1260, and was altered and added to over several centuries. The church was damaged by a gale in 1847, and is now only a shell. A new church, St Thomas the Apostle, was built in the same churchyard. This suffered a lightning strike in 1875.
The church has good acoustics, and is used for the annual Pennine Spring Music Festival, held every Spring Bank Holiday week. This includes workshops, masterclasses and performances. The old church ruin is occasionally used for open-air services.
The tower of the new church contains eight bells, cast in 1912 by John Taylor & Co. These were removed to a bell foundry for refurbishment on 31 August 2012 and were returned, with new bearings, in October 2012.
The American poet Sylvia Plath, who was married to Poet Laureate Ted Hughes from nearby Mytholmroyd, is buried in the graveyard extension, to the south-west of St Thomas a' Beckett's churchyard. Plath's headstone has been several times vandalised by removing Hughes's surname from the memorial, because some of her fans believe he was responsible for her death.
Another poet buried here is the American expatriate Asa Benveniste, a co-founder in London of the publisher Trigram Press. In the 1980s Benveniste and his partner Agnetha Falk ran a secondhand bookshop in Hebden Bridge. His gravestone reads: "Foolish Enough to Have Been a Poet".
John Wesley laid the foundation stone of the octagonal chapel situated off Northgate, which was completed in 1764 – he recommended the shape to avoid conflict with the established church. Local people attended the parish church and Methodist preaching. The chapel also provided teaching in reading and writing for the poor. The chapel was originally built as a symmetrical octagon but by 1802, with the Society including 337 members and 1,002 scholars, one end of the chapel was pulled down and the side walls were extended to provide extra space.
Heptonstall Methodist Chapel featured in the BBC Four 2010 series Churches: How to Read Them, in which Dr Richard Taylor named it as one of his ten favourite churches, saying: "If buildings have an aura, this one radiated friendship."
Heptonstall was a major location in The Rochdale Pioneers, a film produced by the Co-operative British Youth Film Academy, telling the story of the birth of the Co-operative movement, and screened in November 2012.
Heptonstall is also featured in the 2010 short film Trailing Dirt, directed by Richard Cousins and written by Alison Flack.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Calderdale Retrieved 2 September 2009
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
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- British Library, Harley MSS 797
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- Lucy Caffyn (October 1983) World Archaeology, Vol. 15, No. 2, p 174 "Housing in an Industrial Landscape: A Study of Workers' Housing in West Yorkshire"
- Reader's Digest (1998) Land of Moors and Dales Reader's Digest Association Ltd
- "Heptonstall Chapel". Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- "Heptonstall Methodist Chapel – A place of worship since 1764 | Heptonstall Parish Website". Heptonstall.org. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- "Heptonstall Museum". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- "Hardcastle Crags". National Trust. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- "Lumb Bank". Arvon Foundation. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- Pennine Spring Music
- Pask, Reverend Howard (9 July 2012). "Refurbishment of the bells of St Thomas' church". Heptonstall Parish Website. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Kirk, Connie Ann (2004). Sylvia Plath: A Biography. Westport, CN: Greenwood Press. p. 104. ISBN 0-313-33214-2.
- "Local History". Heptonstall Parish Council. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- Trigram Press Archive
- Iain Sinclair, London: City of Disappearances, London: Hamish Hamilton, 2006.
- Gabriel Gudding blog, 10 October 2006.
- Heptonstall Trail, A Calder Civic Trust publication, 1996
- "BBC Four – Churches: How to Read Them, Dark Beginnings". BBC. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- "Richard Taylor, Rider Books".
- "The Rochdale Pioneers".
Media related to Heptonstall at Wikimedia Commons