Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn, 11th Earl of Dundee
Henry James Scrymgeour-Wedderburn, 11th Earl of Dundee PC, JP, DL (3 May 1902 – 29 June 1983), was a Scottish nobleman, soldier and politician.
Background and education
Dundee was the elder son of Colonel Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn, de jure 10th Earl of Dundee, and Edith, daughter of John Moffat. He was educated at Winchester and Balliol College, Oxford, where he was President of the Oxford Union in October 1924. He graduated with a Master of Arts degree in 1926.
Having left Oxford he joined the army, rising to the rank of Captain in the 7th battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). Dundee was elected Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for West Renfrewshire from 1931 until 1945. He was appointed to be PPS to the President of Eden's board for two years before moving to the Ministry of Agriculture. In 1935 he was PPS to the Secretary of State for Scotland before being promoted as Under-Secretary of State for Scotland until the outbreak of the war. He served in the Second World War as an officer with the 7th Battalion, The Black Watch from 1939 to 1941, leaving with the rank of Captain.
Lord Scrymgeour was wounded so returned to London politics. He was briefly Joint Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 1941 to 1942. He was chosen as a member of the parliamentary delegation to China just as Japanese soldiers stormed Singapore. The delegates promised to offer the Chinese military support in a broader alliance to fight the occupation of Manchuria.
On 31 July 1952 the Scrymgeour family's claim to title of Dudhope and Scymgeour in the Scottish peerage were accepted by the Lords Committee for Privileges; and again on 18 May 1953 his claim to the earldom of Dundee and Lord Innerkeithing was affirmed. On 30 July 1954 he was created Baron Glassary, of Glassary in the County of Argyll, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, giving him an automatic seat in the House of Lords (not guaranteed by his Scottish peerages).
Macmillan chose Dundee Minister without Portfolio from 1958 to 1961 owing to a wealth of experiences at home and abroad. Dundee was successfully promoted to number two in the Foreign Office as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs from 1961 to 1964. Simultaneously he was Assistant Deputy Leader of the House of Lords from 1960 to 1962 and as Deputy Leader of the House of Lords from 1962 to 1964. In 1959 he was appointed a Privy Counsellor.
Lord Dundee was also the Hereditary Royal Standard-Bearer for Scotland, a right established by his father before the Court of Claims in 1902. He was decorated with the award of Order of the Brilliant Star of China (with Special Cravat). He was awarded an honorary LLD by St Andrews University in 1954.
Lord Dundee married his sister-in-law Patricia Katherine Montagu Douglas Scott, grand-daughter of William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch on 30 October 1946. She had previously been married to his brother. She was in fact the widow of not one but two soldiers, both of whom were killed-in-action: Lt.-Col. Walter Douglas Faulkner MC of the Irish Guards (k.May 1940), and Lord Dundee's younger brother David Scrymgeour-Wedderburn DSO of the Scots Guards (1912–1944), with each of whom she had two children.
Lord and Lady Dundee had one child together:
- The Hon. Alexander Henry Scrymgeour of Dundee, later 12th Earl of Dundee (born 5 June 1949).
Lady Dundee died on 3 December 2012 at the age of 102.
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition (2003).
- ↑ Burke's Peerage, 107th ed., (London 2003)
- ↑ "Patricia Katharine Countess of Dundee 1910-2012". Peerage News.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Dundee
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for West Renfrewshire
| Succeeded by|
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Succeeded by|
|Earl of Dundee|
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Glassary
| Succeeded by|